25 Years IWH

Veranstaltung
16
Jan 2017

14:15 - 15:45

Fiscal Multipliers in a Nonlinear World

Previous work has shown that, in a liquidity trap, aggressive government spending cuts can be self-defeating in the short-run due to a higher-than-normal multiplier.

Speaker
Professor Dr Mathias Trabandt , Freie Universität Berlin
Location
IWH, conference room
Professor Dr Mathias Trabandt

Über den Autor

Professor Dr Mathias Trabandt

Professor Dr Mathias Trabandt joined the School of Business and Economics at Freie Universität Berlin and holds the Chair of Macroeconomics since August 2015. His research and teaching interests focus on macroeconomics, monetary economics, public economics, labor economics, international macroeconomics, financial frictions and applied econometrics.

Previous work has shown that, in a liquidity trap, aggressive government spending cuts can be self-defeating in the short-run due to a higher-than-normal multiplier. A potentially serious drawback of the existing literature is the use of linearized models. Recently, Braun, Koerber and Waki (2012) and others claim that in a liquidity trap, a model can behave qualitatively different depending on whether it has been linearized or not. We examine their claim with a focus on whether fiscal austerity can be self-defeating - i.e. austerity causes government debt to rise due to adverse effects on aggregate demand. Specifically, we compare the government debt and output effects due to changes in fiscal spending in linearized and nonlinear general equilibrium models. We start with a variant of the simple benchmark model in Woodford (2003), which allows us to carefully parse out the differences between the linear and nonlinear solutions. Finally, we examine the robustness of our results in the workhorse model of Christiano, Eichenbaum and Evans (2005) augmented with a financial accelerator mechanism.

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