25 Years IWH

Dr Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch

Current Position

since 1/93

Economist in the Department of Macroeconomics

Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association

Research Interests

  • analysis and forecasting of the labour market in Germany and in its Eastern Region
  • Iinput-output analysis
  • macroeconometric model

Dr Brautzsch works as an economist at the Department of Macroeconomics since 1993. His research focuses on the analysis and forecast of the labour market development and on input-output analysis.

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch studied Economics at the Higher School of Economics in Berlin and received his PhD in 1984.

Your contact

Dr Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch
Mitglied - Department Macroeconomics
Send Message +49 345 7753-775

Publications

Can R&D Subsidies Counteract the Economic Crisis? – Macroeconomic Effects in Germany

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Jutta Günther Brigitte Loose Udo Ludwig Nicole Nulsch

in: Research Policy , No. 3, 2015

Abstract

During the economic crisis of 2008 and 2009, governments in Europe stabilized their economies by means of fiscal policy. After decades of absence, deficit spending was used to counteract the heavy decline in demand. In Germany, public spending went partially into R&D subsidies in favor of small and medium sized enterprises. Applying the standard open input–output model, the paper analyzes the macroeconomic effects of R&D subsidies on employment and production in the business cycle. Findings in the form of backward multipliers suggest that R&D subsidies have stimulated a substantial leverage effect. Almost two thirds of the costs of R&D projects are covered by the enterprises themselves. Overall, a subsidized R&D program results in a production, value added and employment effect that amounts to at least twice the initial financing. Overall, the R&D program counteracts the decline of GDP by 0.5% in the year 2009. In the year 2010 the effects are already procyclical since the German economy recovered quickly. Compared to the strongly discussed alternative uses of subsidies for private consumption, R&D spending is more effective.

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Die Entwicklung der Unternehmensinvestitionen in Deutschland. Eine Erklärung mit Hilfe der Technik der saisonalen Kointegration

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Christian Dreger

in: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik , 1999

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International Fragmentation of Production and the Labour Input into Germany’s Exports – An Input-Output-analysis

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Udo Ludwig

in: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics , 2011

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Working Papers

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International Fragmentation of Production and the Labour Input into Germany’s Exports – An Input-Output-analysis

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Udo Ludwig

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 14, 2011

Abstract

The import penetration of exports has become a topic of public debate, particularly in the context of Germany’s position as one of the world’s leading exporters. The growth in the volume of intermediate products purchased from abroad for subsequent processing into export goods in Germany seems to be undermining the importance of exports as a driver of domestic production and employment. The gains that arise from an increase in exports seem to have been offset by the losses caused by the crowding out of local production by imports. Empirical evidence on the impact of this international integration of the goods market on the German labour market is ambiguous. Short-term negative effects on employment are claimed to be offset by the long-term benefit that the jobs lost in the short run will eventually be replaced by higher-skilled jobs with better perspectives. Against this background, the following hypothesis is tested empirically: Germany is poor in natural resources, but rich in skilled labour. In line with the Heckscher- Ohlin theory, Germany should therefore specialize in the production of export goods and services that are relatively intensive in these factors and should import those goods and services that are relatively intensive in unskilled labour. The empirical part of the paper deals with the extent of the German export penetration by imports. At first, it analyses by what ways imports are affecting the exports directly and indirectly and shows the consequences of import penetration of exports for the national output and employment. Secondly, consequences for employment are split in different skill types of labour. These issues are discussed with the standard open static inputoutput- model. The data base is a time series of official input-output tables. The employment effects for Germany divided by skill types of labour are investigated using skill matrices generated by the authors.

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Vierteljährliche Entstehungsrechnung des Bruttoinlandsprodukts für Ostdeutschland: Sektorale Bruttowertschöpfung

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Udo Ludwig

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 164, 2002

Abstract

Data regarding the development of macroeconomic production and employment are essential for the political decision process. Especially timely available information is a critical issue. Reliable short run data are not reported for East Germany yet. Because of data limitations for the past quarterly sectoral series of production and employment are derived from annual national accounts data using a set of indicators by branches. Indicators have been tested and cover working hours and sales, among others. For the period from 1992 to 2001 quarterly series for sectoral GDP are derived. A flash estimator for the overall macroeconomic performance is obtained through aggregation.

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Workplace Equipment and Workplace Gap by Gender in East and West Germany

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Johann Fuchs Cornelia Lang

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 9, 2006

Abstract

The paper investigates (a) the number and structure of available jobs by gender in East and West Germany, (b) the gap between the supply and demand of jobs by gender in both regions and (c) the reasons for the wider “job gap” in East Germany compared with West Germany. The paper uses data from the Regional National Accounts and the Federal Labor Office. The analysis shows no significant difference in the number of jobs per 1000 persons in working age between East and West Germany. For women, the East German economy offers more jobs. Nevertheless, the gap between labour demand and the supply of jobs is wider in East Germany. This is caused not only by problems concerning the production structure, but also by the significantly higher partizipation rate of women in the labor market. Reasons are the traditional behaviour of East German woman and – compared with West Germany – the considerably lower household income.

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