25 Jahre IWH

Dr. Peter Bönisch

Dr. Peter Bönisch
Aktuelle Position

seit 6/12

Research Affiliate

Leibniz-Insitut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH)

 

Forschungsschwerpunkte

  • Humankapital

Zurzeit unterstützt Peter Bönisch vornehmlich IWH-Untersuchungen zum Zusammenhang von sozialen Normen und Humankapitalmobilität.

Seine methodische Expertise hat er insbesondere im Rahmen der IWH-Projekte zur Selektivität von Mobilitätsprozessen und zur Effizienz lokaler politischer Organisationsformen eingebracht. Peter Bönisch wurde am Lehrstuhl für Ökonometrie an der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg promoviert.

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Dr. Peter Bönisch
Dr. Peter Bönisch
Mitglied - Abteilung Strukturwandel und Produktivität
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Publikationen

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David and Goliath in the Poll Booth: An Empirical Test of the Effect of Absolute and Relative Group Size on Voter Turnout

Peter Bönisch B. Geys Claus Michelsen

in: European Journal of Political Economy , 2013

Publikation lesen

Informal Social Networks and Spatial Mobility

Peter Bönisch Lutz Schneider

in: Post-Communist Economies , 2010

Abstract

Die Präferenzen von Individuen in Transformationsregionen sind immer noch durch Prägungen des früheren sozialistischen Systems bestimmt. Diese These der sozialistischen Prägung wird im Beitrag getestet, indem untersucht wird, ob sich ein Einfluss der Sozialisation in einem solchen System auf die Akkumulation von Sozialkapital und, als Konsequenz, auf die Präferenzen für räumliche Mobilität nachweisen lässt. Gegenstand der Analyse ist der paradigmatische Fall Ostdeutschlands, wo die Mobilitätsneigung deutlich geringer zu sein scheint als im westlichen Teil. Auf Grundlage einer IV ordered probit Schätzung wird erstens belegt, dass Ostdeutsche, sofern sie im Sozialismus aufgewachsen sind, stärker in lokal gebundenes informelles Sozialkapital investiert sind. Zweitens bestätigt sich die These, dass eine Partizipation in derartigen Netzwerken die Mobilitätspräferenz verringert. Drittens zeigt sich, dass sich nach Kontrolle dieses Netzwerkeffektes der Mobilitätsrückstand der Ostdeutschen substantiell verringert. Die eher geringe räumliche Mobilität der ostdeutschen Bevölkerung erscheint daher zu einem erheblichen Teil den typischen Sozialkapitalmustern post-sozialistischer Gesellschaften geschuldet zu sein.

Publikation lesen

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The Social Capital Legacy of Communism-results from the Berlin Wall Experiment

Peter Bönisch Lutz Schneider

in: European Journal of Political Economy , Nr. 32, 2013

Abstract

In this paper we establish a direct link between the communist history, the resulting structure of social capital, and attitudes toward spatial mobility. We argue that the communist regime induced a specific social capital mix that discouraged geographic mobility even after its demise. Theoretically, we integrate two branches of the social capital literature into one more comprehensive framework distinguishing an open type and a closed type of social capital. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) we take advantage of the natural experiment that separated Germany into two parts after the WWII to identify the causal effect of social capital on mobility. We estimate a three equation ordered probit model and provide strong empirical evidence for our theoretical propositions.

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Arbeitspapiere

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Vertical Grants and Local Public Efficiency

Ivo Bischoff Peter Bönisch Peter Haug Annette Illy

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere , Nr. 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper analyses the impact of vertical grants on local public sector efficiency. First, we develop a theoretical model in which the bureaucrat sets the tax price while voters choose the quantity of public services. In this model, grants reduce efficiency if voters do not misinterpret the amount of vertical grants the local bureaucrats receive. If voters suffer from fiscal illusion, i.e. overestimate the amount of grants, our model yields an ambiguous effect of grants on efficiency. Second, we use the model to launch a note of caution concerning the inference that can be drawn from the existing cross-sectional studies in this field: Taking into account vertical financial equalization systems that reduce differences in fiscal capacity, empirical studies based on cross-sectional data may yield a positive relationship between grants and efficiency even when the underlying causal effect is negative. Third, we perform an empirical analysis for the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, which has implemented such a fiscal equalization system. We find a positive relationship between grants and efficiency. Our analysis shows that a careful reassessment of existing empirical evidence with regard to this issue seems necessary.

Publikation lesen

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Municipality Size and Efficiency of Local Public Services: Does Size Matter?

Peter Bönisch Peter Haug Annette Illy L. Schreier

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere , Nr. 18, 2011

Abstract

Similarly to western Germany in the 1960s and 1970s, the eastern part of Germany has experienced a still ongoing process of numerous amalgamations among counties, towns and municipalities since the mid-1990s. The evidence in the economic literature is mixed with regard to the claimed expenditure reductions and efficiency gains from municipal mergers. We therefore analyze the global efficiency of the municipalities in Saxony-Anhalt, for the first time in this context, using a double-bootstrap procedure combining DEA and truncated regression. This allows including environmental variables to control for exogenous determinants of municipal efficiency. Our focus thereby is on institutional and fiscal variables. Moreover, the scale efficiency is estimated to find out whether large units are necessary to benefit from scale economies. In contrast to previous studies, we chose the aggregate budget of municipal associations (“Verwaltungsgemeinschaften”) as the object of our analysis since important competences of the member municipalities are settled on a joint administrative level. Furthermore, we use a data set that has been carefully adjusted for bookkeeping items and transfers within the communal level. On the “eve” of a mayor municipal reform the majority of the municipalities were found to have an approximately scale-efficient size and centralized organizational forms (“Einheitsgemeinden”) showed no efficiency advantage over municipal associations.

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Social Capital and Migration Preferences - An Empirical Analysis for the Case of the Reunified Germany

Peter Bönisch Lutz Schneider Walter Hyll

in: Grincoh Working Papers July 2013 , 2013

Abstract

We focus on the relevance of different types of social capital on migration intentions in the context of shrinking regions. On the one hand, formal social capital characterised by weak ties without local roots is supposed to drive selectivity and outmigration. On the other hand, informal social capital stressing strong ties to friends, relatives or neighbours might hinder migration. In our regression results we do not find an effect of shrinking regions on mobility intentions. Thus, living in a shrinking area is by itself not a reason to move away or to invest less in social capital. However, if an individual considers to move away she reduces her participation in informal and formal networks. Individuals characterised by strong informal ties, i.e. strong relationships to friends, rel atives or neighbours show a significantly lower probability of moving away. And, more qualified types of social capital as participation in local politics or initiatives seem to encourage spatial mobility.

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