25 Jahre IWH

Dr. Walter Hyll

Dr. Walter Hyll
Aktuelle Position

seit 3/12

Leiter der Forschungsgruppe Der Einfluss von Institutionen und sozialen Normen auf Präferenzen und Verhalten

Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH)

seit 10/10

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter der Abteilung Strukturwandel und Produktivität

Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH)

Forschungsschwerpunkte

  • angewandte Mikroökonomik
  • Theorie der Unternehmung
  • Institutionenökonomik
  • Verhaltensökonomik

Walter Hyll ist seit Oktober 2010 wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in der Abteilung Strukturwandel und Produktivität. Er koordiniert die Forschungsgruppe "Der Einfluss von Institutionen und sozialen Normen auf Präferenzen und Verhalten".

Walter Hyll hat an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz studiert und an der Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt promoviert. Er war wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter an der Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, am Institut für Höhere Studien Kärnten (IHSK) und Projektmitarbeiter an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz als auch am Österreichischen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.

Ihr Kontakt

Dr. Walter Hyll
Dr. Walter Hyll
Mitglied - Abteilung Strukturwandel und Produktivität
Nachricht senden +49 345 7753-850

Publikationen

Gender Quotas and Human Capital Formation: A Relative Deprivation Approach

Walter Hyll

in: German Economic Review , im Erscheinen

Abstract

We study a quota's effect on individual human capital investment incentives beyond merely altering individual's overall probability of being promoted. We assume that individuals sense relative deprivation from unfavorable (income) comparisons within their reference group and that comparisons take place within the same gender. The introduction of a female quota increases (decreases) the number of women (men) holding top positions. On one hand, the relative deprivation to which female individuals are subjected to increases. These female individuals respond to an increase in their relative deprivation by acquiring additional human capital which, because it enables them to increase their earnings, reduces their relative deprivation. On the other hand, male individuals invest less in human capital in response to a decrease in relative deprivation. We show that the human capital formed by women who are encouraged to do so by the quotas is larger than the human capital that men who are discouraged by the quotas refrain from forming. However, the positive human capital accumulation effect hinges on a certain level of ability by gender and on how much individuals perceive relative deprivation.

Publikation lesen

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On the Simultaneity Bias in the Relationship Between Risk Attitudes, Entry into Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Survival

Matthias Brachert Walter Hyll Mirko Titze

in: Applied Economics Letters , Nr. 7, 2017

Abstract

We consider the simultaneity bias when examining the effect of individual risk attitudes on entrepreneurship. We demonstrate that entry into self-employment is related to changes in risk attitudes. We further show that these changes are correlated with the probability to remain in entrepreneurship.

Publikation lesen

Gauging the Potential for Social Unrest

Walter Hyll Oded Stark Doris A. Behrens

in: Public Choice , 2010

Abstract

It stands to reason that social unrest does not erupt out of the blue. Although there are a great many reasons why social dismay might descend into social disorder, only few yardsticks or indices can plausibly be used to gauge the potential for social unrest (PSU). If policy makers want to undertake public action to prevent social dismay escalating into social disruption, they obviously need to draw on practical sensors. This paper assesses critically the adequacy of two such measures, the polarization (P) index, and the total relative deprivation (TRD) index. The paper proposes a tentative guide to selecting between these two measures. A review of three stylized scenarios suggests that, where income redistributions reduce the number of distinct income groups, and when each group is characterized by a strong sense of within-group identity, the P index surpasses the TRD index as a basis for predicting PSU. When the within-group identification is weak, however, it is better to use the TRD index to predict PSU.

Publikation lesen

Arbeitspapiere

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Social Comparisons and Attitudes towards Foreigners. Evidence from the ‘Fall of the Iron Curtain’

Walter Hyll Lutz Schneider

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere , Nr. 12, 2016

Abstract

We exploit the natural experiment of German re-unification to address the question whether distress from social (income) comparisons results in negative attitudes towards foreigners. Our empirical approach rests upon East German individuals who have West German peers. We use the exogenous variation of wealth of West German peers shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall as an instrument to identify the effect of distress from social comparisons on East Germans’ attitudes. We find robust evidence that East Germans expose strong negative attitudes towards foreigners, particularly from low-wage countries, if they worry about their economic status compared to better-off peers.

Publikation lesen

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Social Distress and Economic Integration

Walter Hyll Lutz Schneider

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere , Nr. 21, 2016

Abstract

We analyze whether social distress from income comparisons affects attitudes towards the integration of economies. Using Germany’s division as natural experiment, we find that East Germans’ feelings of relative deprivation with respect to better-off West Germans led to significantly more support for the upcoming German re-unification.

Publikation lesen

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Financial Literacy and Self-employment

Aida Ćumurović Walter Hyll

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere , Nr. 11, 2016

Abstract

In this paper, we study the relationship between financial literacy and self-employment. We use established financial knowledge-based questions to measure financial literacy levels. The analysis shows a highly significant correlation between selfemployment and financial literacy scores. To investigate the impact of financial literacy on being self-employed, we apply instrumental variable techniques based on information on economic education before entering the labour market and education of parents. Our results reveal that financial literacy positively affects the probability of being self-employed. As financial literacy is acquirable, findings suggest that entrepreneurial activities may be raised via enhancing financial knowledge.

Publikation lesen
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