Germany after stagnation: Slow stimulation of overall economy by export driven recovery
The main centres of the recovery in this business cycle remain in the US and East Asia. Amid the fading stimuli from economic policy, the US economy loses some of its momentum and GDP will increase by 4.5% in 2004 followed by 3.5% in the coming year. In the euro area, the vibrant external trade more and more spills over into the domestic economy. Still, with 1.5% this year and 2% in 2005, GDP will clearly underperform in comparison to the growth centres of the world. In Germany, even more so than in the euro area, the revival depends on the world economy. Exports will maintain their strong upward trend and in their wake, demand for consumer as well as capital goods will start to increase. But increases in consumption will remain small this year and it will be 2005 before clear improvements can be observed. After stagnating in 2003, GDP will rise by 1.8% both this and next year.