Macroeconomic Analyses and Forecasts

The research group comprises all macroeconomic analyses, forecasts and policy papers that are carried out on a regular basis at the IWH. These reports contribute significantly to the IWH being one of the leading economic research institutes in Germany. The group focuses on current macroeconomic perspectives in Germany. However, forecasts for an open economy like the German one have to start from thorough and up-to-date analysis of the world economy. Special attention is given to East Germany, Central European countries, and to the European Union as a whole.

Research in this group is linked closely to other projects within the cluster that focus on publishing research papers in refereed journals. In particular, econometric tools developed by Research Group Econometric Tools for Macroeconomic Forecasting and Simulation are applied for the macroeconomic projections, and policy conclusions derived by Research Group Monetary Aggregates, Asset Prices and Real Outcomes are important building blocks for policy recommendations.

IWH Data Project: IWH Macrometer: Macroeconomic Database for the German Länder, East and West Germany

All of the group’s macroeconomic analyses, forecasts and policy papers are available via the Current Forecasting section.

Research Cluster
Macroeconomic Dynamics and Stability

Your contact

Dr Axel Lindner
Dr Axel Lindner
Mitglied - Department Macroeconomics
Send Message +49 345 7753-703

EXTERNAL FUNDING

01.2017 ‐ 12.2017

Flash Estimate of the Quarterly GDP in Germany

Verlagsgruppe Handelsblatt

Dr Katja Heinisch

07.2013 ‐ 06.2016

Joint Economic Forecast

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWI)

The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating the overall economic situation and development in Germany, the euro area and the rest of the world. For this purpose, forecasts of economic activity are generated for the global economy and its major regions. Economic policy recommendations are derived from these forecasts for the euro area and the German economy. The objective of the joint diagnosis, which is commissioned by the Federal Finance Ministry, is to produce a uniform evaluation by all participating institutes. The results are published twice a year as spring and fall forecasts.

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

12.2015 ‐ 12.2016

Conference “How Can We Boost Competition in the Services Sector?”

European Commission

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

07.2016 ‐ 06.2022

Joint Economic Forecast

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWI)

The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating the overall economic situation and development in Germany, the euro area and the rest of the world. For this purpose, forecasts of economic activity are generated for the global economy and its major regions. Economic policy recommendations are derived from these forecasts for the euro area and the German economy. The objective of the joint diagnosis, which is commissioned by the Federal Finance Ministry, is to produce a uniform evaluation by all participating institutes. The results are published twice a year as spring and fall forecasts.

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

01.2013 ‐ 12.2018

Flash Estimate of the Quarterly GDP in Germany

Verlagsgruppe Handelsblatt

Dr Katja Heinisch

09.2015 ‐ 03.2016

Messung der Elastizität der veranlagten Einkommensteuer in Relation zu den Unternehmens- und Vermögenseinkommen

Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

Dr Götz Zeddies

01.2012 ‐ 12.2015

Quarterly Report on the Economy in Saxony-Anhalt

Ministry of Economy, Science and Digitalisation of the State of Sachsen-Anhalt

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

Business Cycle Forecasts and Stress Scenarios

Volkswagen Financial Services AG

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

01.2013 ‐ 12.2015

Ökonomische Wirksamkeit der Konjunktur stützenden finanzpolitischen Maßnahmen der Jahre 2008 und 2009

Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

Professor Dr Oliver Holtemöller

Refereed Publications

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Multidimensional Well-being and Regional Disparities in Europe

Jörg Döpke Andreas Knabe Cornelia Lang Philip Maschke

in: Journal of Common Market Studies, No. 5, 2017

Abstract

Using data from the OECD Regional Well-Being Index – a set of quality-of-life indicators measured at the sub-national level – we construct a set of composite well-being indices. We analyze the extent to which the choice of five alternative aggregation methods affects the well-being ranking of regions. We find that regional inequality in these composite measures is lower than regional inequality in real GDP per capita. For most aggregation methods, the rank correlation across regions appears to be quite high. It is also shown that using alternative indices instead of GDP per capita would only have a small effect on the set of regions eligible for aid from EU Structural Funds. The exception appears to be an aggregation based on how individual dimensions relate to average life satisfaction across regions, which would substantially change both the ranking of regions and which regions would be eligible for EU funds.

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The Research Data Centre of the Halle Institute for Economic Research – Member of the Leibniz Association FDZ-IWH

Cornelia Lang Tim Kuttig

in: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, No. 2, 2017

Abstract

The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) was founded in 1992 and operates three research departments: Macroeconomics, Financial Markets, and Structural Change and Productivity. The IWH’s research structure is designed to foster close interplay between micro and macroeconomic research, however it has its roots in the empirical research conducted on the transition from a planned to a market economy, with a particular focus on East Germany.

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Alternatives to GDP - Measuring the Impact of Natural Disasters using Panel Data

Jörg Döpke Philip Maschke

in: Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, No. 3, 2016

Abstract

A frequent criticism of GDP states that events that obviously reduce welfare of people can nevertheless increase GDP per capita. We use data of natural disasters as quasi experiments to examine whether alternatives to GDP (Human Development Index, Progress Index, Index of Economic Well-Being and a Happiness Index) lead to more plausible responses to disasters. Applying a Differences-in-Differences approach and estimates from various panels of countries we find no noteworthy differences between the response of real GDP per capita and the responses of suggested alternative welfare measures to a natural disaster except for the Human Development Index.

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Green Technologies as Industrial Policy Concept? The South of Saxony-Anhalt as a Case Example

Jörg Döpke Philip Maschke C. Altmann D. Bieräugel

in: List Forum für Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik, No. 1, 2015

Abstract

The federal action called Energiewende and the Renewable Energy Act (EEG) as part of it have produced hopes in Saxony-Anhalt which were particularly connected with the promotion of green technologies. This paper is composed of an impact analysis of subsidies in general and addresses the impacts of the EEG on companies. Therefore, results of a survey among companies are used that has been conducted in 2013 by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) Halle-Dessau in the south of the German State of Saxony-Anhalt.

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Are there Business Cycles “beyond GDP“? Alternative Measures to GDP at Business Cycle Frequencies

Jörg Döpke Philip Maschke

in: Applied Economics Quarterly, No. 2, 2015

Abstract

We discuss properties of alternatives or complements to GDP as a measure of welfare at business cycle frequencies. Our results imply that the suggested indicators show practically no cycle at all and their methodologies can be questioned. First, data are not available at an appropriate quality and frequency. Second, the suggested time series sometimes correlate negatively with each other. Third, cross-section and quasi-panel evidence based on different samples of countries reveals no impact of the stance of the business cycle on some suggested welfare measures. Therefore, alternative welfare measures do not show an equal picture on business cycle frequencies compared to GDP-based measures.

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Working Papers

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Potential International Employment Effects of a Hard Brexit

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Oliver Holtemöller

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 4, 2019

Abstract

We use the World Input Output Database (WIOD) to estimate the potential employment effects of a hard Brexit in 43 countries. In line with other studies we assume that imports from the European Union (EU) to the UK will decline by 25% after a hard Brexit. The absolute effects are largest in big EU countries which have close trade relationships with the UK like Germany and France. However, there are also large countries outside the EU which are heavily affected via global value chains like China, for example. The relative effects (in percent of total employment) are largest in Malta and Ireland. UK employment will also be affected via intermediate input production. Within Germany, the motor vehicle industry and in particular the “Autostadt” Wolfsburg are most affected.

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The Economic Development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990

Oliver Holtemöller Axel Lindner

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 6, 2018

Abstract

This article describes the economic development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990 in the context of the East German transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. In the early 1990s the economy of Saxony-Anhalt caught up quickly with West Germany, mainly because the capital stock was modernized and expanded. Convergence, however, has almost come to a halt for some time now and gross domestic product per employed person is still about 20% below the West German level. The challenge for economic policy is to further the catching-up process by fostering research and innovation and improving the skills of the workforce.

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The Minimum Wage Effects on Skilled Crafts Sector in Saxony-Anhalt

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Birgit Schultz

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 31, 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of the minimum wage introduction in Germany in 2015 on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt. Using novel survey data on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt, we examine three questions: (1) How many employees are affected by the minimum wage introduction in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony- Anhalt? (2) What are the effects of the minimum wage introduction? (3) How have firms reacted to wage increase? We find that about 8% of all employees in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt are directly affected by the minimum wage introduction. A difference-in-difference estimation reveals no significant employment effects of the minimum wage introduction. We test for alternative adjustment strategies and observe a significant increase of output prices.

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Switching to Exchange Rate Flexibility? The Case of Central and Eastern European Inflation Targeters

Andrej Drygalla

in: FIW Working Paper, Nr. 139, No. 139, 2015

Abstract

This paper analyzes changes in the monetary policy in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland following the policy shift from exchange rate targeting to inflation targeting around the turn of the millennium. Applying a Markovswitching dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, switches in the policy parameters and the volatilities of shocks hitting the economies are estimated and quantified. Results indicate the presence of regimes of weak and strong responses of the central banks to exchange rate movements as well as periods of high and low volatility. Whereas all three economies switched to a less volatile regime over time, findings on changes in the policy parameters reveal a lower reaction to exchange rate movements in the Czech Republic and Poland, but an increased attention to it in Hungary. Simulations for the Czech Republic and Poland also suggest their respective central banks, rather than a sound macroeconomic environment, being accountable for reducing volatility in variables like inflation and output. In Hungary, their favorable developments can be attributed to a larger extent to the reduction in the size of external disturbances.

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Die Learning Economy aus Netzwerkperspektive: Mechanismen und Probleme

Michael Schwartz

in: Jenaer Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, No. 4, 2006

Abstract

Im Mittelpunkt der gegenwärtigen ökonomischen Entwicklung steht verstärkt Wissen als fundamentale Ressource und Triebkraft wirtschaftlichen Wachstums sowie Lernen als der bedeutendste Prozess. Diese Sichtweise wird durch das theoretische Konstrukt der Learning Economy beschrieben. Die Organisationsform des Netzwerkes gilt dabei als geeignetes Arrangement, um die Teilnahme an Lernprozessen sowie den Zugangs zu einer breiten und diversifizierten Wissensbasis zu gewährleisten. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden im Rahmen der konzeptionellen Charakteristika der Learning Economy die möglichen Ausprägungen einer aktiven Netzwerktätigkeit, die erfolgsdeterminierenden Mechanismen eines Netzwerkes als auch die mit einem Netzwerkarrangement verbundenen Probleme dargelegt. Es zeigt sich einerseits, dass Netzwerke grundsätzlich einen geeigneten Mechanismus darstellen, um den Notwendigkeiten einer Learning Economy zu begegnen. Andererseits wird ersichtlich, dass die Funktionsfähigkeit von Netzwerken und das Ausschöpfen der vorhandenen Möglichkeiten keinesfalls ohne konstante Anstrengungen der Partner und ein detailliertes Verständnis der zentralen Wirkungszusammenhänge erreicht werden kann. Daher ist die zum Teil euphorisch praktizierte Netzwerkdiskussion in mancher Hinsicht differenziert zu betrachten. Besonders der Abfluss ökonomisch sensiblen Wissens, der nicht-wechselseitige Wissensaustausch sowie die Abschottung bestimmter regionaler Netzwerkstrukturen können schwerwiegende Folgen nach sich ziehen.

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