IWH Bankruptcy Research
IWH Bankrupcty Research The Bankrupcty Research Unit of the Halle Institute for...
24.06.2016 • 26/2016
UK’s “No” to EU will be costly for both sides
On Thursday 23rd, the British people have decided to leave the European Union (EU) Their vote not to remain in the European community was surprisingly clear. UK’s exit will have both political and economic consequences which are far-reaching for the country itself as well as the rest of Europe. “The reactions of the remaining member states are the crucial key now, especially France’s and Germany’s” says Reint E. Gropp, President of the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association.
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Money and Inflation: Consequences of the Recent Monetary Policy
Journal of Policy Modeling,
We use a multivariate state space framework to analyze the short run impact of money on prices in the United States. The key contribution of this approach is that it allows to identify the impact of money growth on inflation without having to model money demand explicitly.
Using our results, that provide evidence for a substantial impact of money on prices in the US, we analyze the consequences of the Fed's response to the financial crisis. Our results indicate a raise of US inflation above 5% for more than a decade. Alternative exit strategies that we simulate cannot fully compensate for the monetary pressure without risking serious repercussions on the real economy. Further simulations of a double dip in the United States indicate that a repetition of the unusually expansive monetary policy – in addition to increased inflation – might cause growth losses exceeding the contemporary easing of the crisis.
Cooperation propensity and public cooperation funding in the German Laser Industry
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
The high-tech strategy of the federal government defines eight key technologies, including laser industry as a part of the optical technologies. This study provides a first descriptive overview of cooperation propensity and public cooperation funding for German Laser Source manufacturers between 1990 and 2010. Results show that the industry in general was characterized by expansion even though there were periods with a high degree of fluctuations. The spatial analysis of firm entries and exits reveals some interesting insights. The majority of large laser source companies are located in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Thuringia. These regional distribution patterns hold for the absolute number of publicly funded cooperation projects. When considering the relative number of collaborative projects per firm and region the picture changes. It turns out that especially laser source manufacturers in Thuringia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Hamburg show up the highest cooperation propensities and an above-average demand for public funding.
Money and Inflation: The Role of Persistent Velocity Movements
IWH Discussion Papers,
While the long run relation between money and inflation is well established, empirical evidence on the adjustment to the long run equilibrium is very heterogeneous. In the present paper we use a multivariate state space framework, that substantially expands the traditional vector error correction approach, to analyze the short run impact of money on prices. We contribute to the literature in three ways: First, we distinguish changes in velocity of money that are due to institutional developments and thus do not induce inflationary pressure, and changes that reflect transitory movements in money demand. This is achieved with a newly developed multivariate unobserved components decomposition. Second, we analyze whether the high volatility of the transmission from monetary pressure to inflation follows some structure, i.e., if the parameter regime can assumed to be constant. Finally, we use our model to illustrate the consequences of the monetary policy of the Fed that has been employed to mitigate the impact of the financial crisis, simulating different exit strategy scenarios.