Evaluierung von Subventionsprogrammen

Diese Forschungsgruppe untersucht die Effekte von Produktions- und Wissensnetzwerken auf die Produktivität von Unternehmen und Regionen. Darüber hinaus werden Wirkungen staatlicher Förderprogramme für Forschung und Entwicklung sowie regionalpolitischer Programme auf die Leistungsfähigkeit von Unternehmen und Regionen evaluiert.

IWH-Subventionsdatenbank

Zentrum für evidenzbasierte Politikberatung (IWH-CEP)

Forschungscluster
Institutionen und soziale Normen

Ihr Kontakt

PD Dr. Mirko Titze
PD Dr. Mirko Titze
Mitglied - Abteilung Präsidialbereich
Nachricht senden +49 345 7753-861

PROJEKTE

09.2019 ‐ 09.2022

Etablierung einer evidenzbasierten Evaluationskultur für industriepolitische Fördermaßnahmen in Deutschland (EVA-KULT)

Europäischer Fonds für regionale Entwicklung (EFRE)

Das Vorhaben dient dem Ausbau des Zentrums für evidenzbasierte Politikberatung am Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH-CEP).

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2018 ‐ 12.2020

Vernetzt wachsen - Innovatives Sachsen-Anhalt durch digitale Geschäftsmodelle (Kompetenzzentrum 4.0)

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2017 ‐ 12.2018

Politische Partizipation in Ostdeutschland

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

Dr. Matthias Brachert

12.2015 ‐ 11.2018

Sozioökonomische Effekte der Erforschung innovativer Ansätze für die POC-Diagnostik

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Teilvorhaben im Verbundprojekt “POC-Sensorplattform für chronisch-entzündliche Atemwegserkrankungen (EXASENS)”. Neun Leibniz-Institute arbeiten gemeinsam im Pilotprojekt EXASENS an der Erforschung einer Point-of-Care-Technologie zur Vorhersage und Diagnose von chronisch-entzündlichen Atemwegserkrankungen. Der Verbund wird vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) mit 6,25 Millionen Euro gefördert und liefert einen Beitrag zum Ausbau und zur Stärkung des Themenfeldes Gesundheitstechnologien.

Vgl. Pressemitteilung des Leibniz-Institut für Photonische Technologien (IPHT), Jena.

Dr. Matthias Brachert

02.2017 ‐ 02.2018

Bedeutung außeruniversitärer Forschungseinrichtungen für die Entwicklung von Betrieben und Regionen

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2015 ‐ 12.2016

Evaluierung der GRW-Förderung in Sachsen-Anhalt

Investitionsbank Sachsen-Anhalt

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

Referierte Publikationen

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Mapping Potentials for Input-Output Based Innovation Flows in Industrial Clusters – An Application to Germany

Mirko Titze Matthias Brachert Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch

in: Economic Systems Research, Nr. 4, 2016

Abstract

Our paper pursues two aims: first, it presents an approach based on input–output innovation flow matrices to study intersectoral innovation flows within industrial clusters. Second, we apply this approach to the identification of structural weaknesses in East Germany relative to the western part of the country. The case of East Germany forms an interesting subject because while its convergence process after unification began promisingly in the first half of the 1990s, convergence has since slowed down. The existing gap can now be traced mainly to structural weaknesses in the East German economy, such as the absence of strong industrial cluster structures. With this in mind, we investigate whether East Germany does in fact reveal the abovementioned structural weaknesses. Does East Germany possess fewer industrial clusters? Are they less connected? Does East Germany lack specific clusters that are also important for the non-clustered part of the economy?

Publikation lesen

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The Importance of Localized Related Variety for International Diversification of Corporate Technology

Eva Dettmann Jutta Günther Björn Jindra Iciar Dominguez Lacasa

in: Regional Studies, Nr. 10, 2016

Abstract

Die Bedeutung der lokalisierten verbundenen Vielfalt für die internationale Diversifizierung von Unternehmenstechnik. Die Internationalisierung der Forschung und Entwicklung hat sich in den letzten Jahren erheblich verstärkt. In diesem Beitrag analysieren wir die Determinanten der räumlichen Verteilung von ausländischen Technikaktivitäten in 96 deutschen Regionen. Zur Identifizierung ausländischer Technikaktivitäten wird das Konzept des grenzübergreifenden Eigentums auf Patentanträge angewandt. Die wichtigste Prämisse lautet, dass Regionen mit einer höheren verbundenen Vielfalt von Technikaktivitäten zwischen den einzelnen Sektoren mehr ausländische Technikaktivitäten anziehen. Aus den Schätzungen geht hervor, dass dies auf Regionen zutrifft, die sich durch ein hohes Maß an genereller technischer Stärke auszeichnen. Dies lässt darauf schließen, dass verbundene Vielfalt die technische Diversifizierung von ausländischen Unternehmen in Regionen an der Spitze der geografischen Hierarchie begünstigt.

Publikation lesen

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Burdett–Mortensen Model of on-the-Job Search with Two Sectors

Florian Hoffmann Shouyong Shi

in: Review of Economic Dynamics, Special Issue in Honor of Dale Mortensen 2016

Abstract

The focus of this paper is on the steady state of a two-sector economy with undirected search where employed and unemployed workers can search for jobs, both within a sector and between the sectors. As in the one-sector model, on-the-job search generates wage dispersion among homogeneous workers. The analysis of the two-sector model uncovers a property called constant tension that is responsible for analytical tractability. We characterize the steady state in all cases with constant tension. When time discounting vanishes, constant tension yields the endogenous separation rate in each sector as a linear function of the present value for a worker. The one-sector economy automatically satisfies constant tension, in which case the linear separation rate implies that equilibrium offers of the worker value are uniformly distributed. Constant tension also has strong predictions for worker transitions and value/wage dispersion, both within a sector and between the two sectors. When constant tension does not hold, we compute the steady state numerically and illustrate its properties.

Publikation lesen

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Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada, and the United States

Florian Hoffmann Thomas Lemieux

in: Journal of Labor Economics, S1 Part 2 2016

Abstract

This paper looks at the surprisingly different labor market performance of the United States, Canada, Germany, and several other OECD countries during and after the Great Recession of 2008–9. A first important finding is that the large employment swings in the construction sector linked to the boom and bust in US housing markets is an important factor behind the different labor market performances of the three countries. We also find that cross-country differences among OECD countries are consistent with a conventional Okun relationship linking gross domestic product growth to employment performance.

Publikation lesen

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The Structure and Evolution of Inter-sectoral Technological Complementarity in R&D in Germany from 1990 to 2011

T. Broekel Matthias Brachert

in: Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Nr. 4, 2015

Abstract

Technological complementarity is argued to be a crucial element for effective R&D collaboration. The real structure is, however, still largely unknown. Based on the argument that organizations’ knowledge resources must fit for enabling collective learning and innovation, we use the co-occurrence of firms in collaborative R&D projects in Germany to assess inter-sectoral technological complementarity between 129 sectors. The results are mapped as complementarity space for the Germany economy. The space and its dynamics from 1990 to 2011 are analyzed by means of social network analysis. The results illustrate sectors being complements both from a dyadic and portfolio/network perspective. This latter is important, as complementarities may only become fully effective when integrated in a complete set of different knowledge resources from multiple sectors. The dynamic perspective moreover reveals the shifting demand for knowledge resources among sectors at different time periods.

Publikation lesen

Arbeitspapiere

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flexpaneldid: A Stata Toolbox for Causal Analysis with Varying Treatment Time and Duration

Eva Dettmann Alexander Giebler Antje Weyh

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 3, 2020

Abstract

The paper presents a modification of the matching and difference-in-differences approach of Heckman et al. (1998) for the staggered treatment adoption design and a Stata tool that implements the approach. This flexible conditional difference-in-differences approach is particularly useful for causal analysis of treatments with varying start dates and varying treatment durations. Introducing more flexibility enables the user to consider individual treatment periods for the treated observations and thus circumventing problems arising in canonical difference-in-differences approaches. The open-source flexpaneldid toolbox for Stata implements the developed approach and allows comprehensive robustness checks and quality tests. The core of the paper gives comprehensive examples to explain the use of the commands and its options on the basis of a publicly accessible data set.

Publikation lesen

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Identifying Cooperation for Innovation – A Comparison of Data Sources

Michael Fritsch Matthias Piontek Mirko Titze

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 1, 2019

Abstract

The value of social network analysis is critically dependent on the comprehensive and reliable identification of actors and their relationships. We compare regional knowledge networks based on different types of data sources, namely, co-patents, co-publications, and publicly subsidised collaborative Research and Development projects. Moreover, by combining these three data sources, we construct a multilayer network that provides a comprehensive picture of intraregional interactions. By comparing the networks based on the data sources, we address the problems of coverage and selection bias. We observe that using only one data source leads to a severe underestimation of regional knowledge interactions, especially those of private sector firms and independent researchers. The key role of universities that connect many regional actors is identified in all three types of data.

Publikation lesen

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The Regional Effects of Professional Sports Franchises – Causal Evidence from Four European Football Leagues

Matthias Brachert

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 10, 2018

Abstract

We use the locational pattern of clubs in four major professional football leagues in Europe to test the causal effect of changes in premier league membership on regional employment and output growth at the NUTS 3 level. We rely on the relegation mode of the classical round-robin tournament in the European model of sport to develop a regression-discontinuity design. The results indicate small and significant negative short-term effects on regional employment and output in the sports-related economic sector when clubs are relegated from the premier division of the respective football league. In addition, we find small negative effects on overall regional employment growth. However, total regional gross value added remains unaffected, indicating that in the main it is the less productive jobs that disappear in the short-term.

Publikation lesen

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Who Benefits from GRW? Heterogeneous Employment Effects of Investment Subsidies in Saxony Anhalt

Eva Dettmann Mirko Titze Antje Weyh

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 27, 2017

Abstract

The paper estimates the plant level employment effects of investment subsidies in one of the most strongly subsidized German Federal States. We analyze the treated plants as a whole, as well as the influence of heterogeneity in plant characteristics and the economic environment. Modifying the standard matching and difference-in-difference approach, we develop a new procedure that is particularly useful for the evaluation of funding programs with individual treatment phases within the funding period. Our data base combines treatment, employment and regional information from different sources. So, we can relate the absolute effects to the amount of the subsidy paid. The results suggest that investment subsidies have a positive influence on the employment development in absolute and standardized figures – with considerable effect heterogeneity.

Publikation lesen

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Identifying the Effects of Place-based Policies – Causal Evidence from Germany

Eva Dettmann Matthias Brachert Mirko Titze

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 18, 2016

Abstract

The German government provides discretionary investment grants to structurally weak regions to reduce regional disparities. We use a regression discontinuity design that exploits an exogenous discrete jump in the probability of receiving investment grants to identify the causal effects of the investment grant on regional outcomes. We find positive effects for regional gross value-added and productivity growth, but no effects for employment and gross wage growth.

Publikation lesen
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