Evaluierung von Subventionsprogrammen

Diese Forschungsgruppe untersucht die Effekte von Produktions- und Wissensnetzwerken auf die Produktivität von Unternehmen und Regionen. Darüber hinaus werden Wirkungen staatlicher Förderprogramme für Forschung und Entwicklung sowie regionalpolitischer Programme auf die Leistungsfähigkeit von Unternehmen und Regionen evaluiert.

IWH-Subventionsdatenbank

Zentrum für evidenzbasierte Politikberatung (IWH-CEP)

Forschungscluster
Institutionen und soziale Normen

Ihr Kontakt

PD Dr. Mirko Titze
PD Dr. Mirko Titze
Mitglied - Abteilung Präsidialbereich
Nachricht senden +49 345 7753-861

PROJEKTE

09.2019 ‐ 09.2022

Etablierung einer evidenzbasierten Evaluationskultur für industriepolitische Fördermaßnahmen in Deutschland (EVA-KULT)

Europäischer Fonds für regionale Entwicklung (EFRE)

Das Vorhaben dient dem Ausbau des Zentrums für evidenzbasierte Politikberatung am Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH-CEP).

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2018 ‐ 12.2020

Vernetzt wachsen - Innovatives Sachsen-Anhalt durch digitale Geschäftsmodelle (Kompetenzzentrum 4.0)

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2017 ‐ 12.2018

Politische Partizipation in Ostdeutschland

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

Dr. Matthias Brachert

12.2015 ‐ 11.2018

Sozioökonomische Effekte der Erforschung innovativer Ansätze für die POC-Diagnostik

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Teilvorhaben im Verbundprojekt “POC-Sensorplattform für chronisch-entzündliche Atemwegserkrankungen (EXASENS)”. Neun Leibniz-Institute arbeiten gemeinsam im Pilotprojekt EXASENS an der Erforschung einer Point-of-Care-Technologie zur Vorhersage und Diagnose von chronisch-entzündlichen Atemwegserkrankungen. Der Verbund wird vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) mit 6,25 Millionen Euro gefördert und liefert einen Beitrag zum Ausbau und zur Stärkung des Themenfeldes Gesundheitstechnologien.

Vgl. Pressemitteilung des Leibniz-Institut für Photonische Technologien (IPHT), Jena.

Dr. Matthias Brachert

02.2017 ‐ 02.2018

Bedeutung außeruniversitärer Forschungseinrichtungen für die Entwicklung von Betrieben und Regionen

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

01.2015 ‐ 12.2016

Evaluierung der GRW-Förderung in Sachsen-Anhalt

Investitionsbank Sachsen-Anhalt

PD Dr. Mirko Titze

Referierte Publikationen

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Regions as Selection Environments? The Emergence of the Solar Industry in Germany from 1992 to 2008

Matthias Brachert Christoph Hornych Peter Franz

in: European Planning Studies, Nr. 11, 2013

Abstract

The spatial evolution of the German solar industry is analysed in the light of the “window of locational opportunity” and the “selection environment” approach. The paper argues that differences in the regions' ability to promote the emergence of local external economies contribute to increasing regional differentiation in the German structure of the industry. Applied empirical methods enclose longitudinal firm entry and network analysis. A special focus is given upon the realignment processes in the science system. Our findings show a relatively rapid spatial concentration of production in eastern Germany since the year 2000. This process is accompanied by intensified networking between firms and between firms and universities as well as research institutes. The responsiveness of regional institutions and the self-organizing capabilities of the solar firms substantiate some propositions of the “selection environment” approach.

Publikation lesen

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What Drives Innovation Output from Subsidized R&D Cooperation? — Project-level Evidence from Germany

Michael Schwartz Michael Fritsch Jutta Günther François Peglow

in: Technovation, Nr. 6, 2012

Abstract

Using a large dataset of 406 subsidized R&D cooperation projects, we provide detailed insights into the relationship between project characteristics and innovation output. Patent applications and publications are used as measures for the innovation output of an R&D project. We find that large-firm involvement is strongly positively related with the number of patent applications, but not with the number of publications. Conversely, university involvement has positive effects on projects’ innovation output in terms of the number of publications but not in terms of patent applications. In general, projects’ funding as measure of projects’ size is an important predictor of the innovation output of R&D cooperation projects. No significant effects are found for the number of partners as (an alternative) measure of projects’ size, for spatial proximity between cooperation partners, for the involvement of a public institute for applied research, and for prior cooperation experiences. We derive conclusions for the design of R&D cooperation support schemes.

Publikation lesen

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A Systemic View on Knowledge-based Development Metrics

Mirko Titze Michael Schwartz Matthias Brachert

in: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, Nr. 1, 2012

Abstract

Drawing on the systems perspective of innovation processes, this article proposes a conceptual approach for a comprehensive analysis of regional knowledge generation and transfer. Instead of focusing on one single indicator, the approach emphasizes the importance to take multiple channels of knowledge transfer into account. This provides valuable insights into the spatial structure of innovation processes on different levels. We disentangle the innovation process and consider four different layers: i.) publications in peer-reviewed journals, ii.) patent applications, iii.) formal R&D collaboration projects, the iv.) localized input-output relations. Further, we demonstrate the relevance of the „multi-layer approach‟ by applying it empirically to a specific regional innovation system: The Free State of Saxony – a federal state in Germany. We argue that the approach could be a valuable tool to inform policy-makers about knowledge-based regional development strategies.

Publikation lesen

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The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)

Mirko Titze Matthias Brachert Alexander Kubis

in: Regional Studies, Nr. 1, 2011

Abstract

The 'cluster theory' has become one of the main concepts promoting regional competitiveness, innovation, and growth. As most empirical applications focus on measures of concentration of one industrial branch in order to identify regional clusters, the appropriate analysis of specific vertical relations is developing in this discussion. This paper tries to identify interrelated sectors via national input-output tables with the help of minimal flow analysis (MFA). The regionalization of these national industry templates is carried out with the allocation of branch-specific production values on regional employment. As a result, the paper shows concentrations of vertical clusters in only 27 of 439 German Nomenclature des Units Territoriales Statistiques (NUTS)-3 regions.

Publikation lesen

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Economic Structure and Regional Performance in Germany, 2002-2007

Alexander Kubis Matthias Brachert Mirko Titze

in: European Planning Studies, Nr. 2, 2012

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of industrial clusters on regional growth at the German labour market region level using a regional convergence model. Based on the results of an exploratory study of the geography of German industrial clusters, we are able to differentiate the impact of industrial clustering from a horizontal and a vertical perspective while taking regional convergence into consideration. The results indicate that in addition to an all-German process of convergence, a specific East German one can be identified. The different types of industrial clusters show mixed effects within this framework. While vertically isolated industrial clusters have a negative impact on regional growth in this period, positive growth effects can be identified when industrial clusters show an intra-regional vertical interconnectedness.

Publikation lesen

Arbeitspapiere

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flexpaneldid: A Stata Toolbox for Causal Analysis with Varying Treatment Time and Duration

Eva Dettmann Alexander Giebler Antje Weyh

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 3, 2020

Abstract

The paper presents a modification of the matching and difference-in-differences approach of Heckman et al. (1998) for the staggered treatment adoption design and a Stata tool that implements the approach. This flexible conditional difference-in-differences approach is particularly useful for causal analysis of treatments with varying start dates and varying treatment durations. Introducing more flexibility enables the user to consider individual treatment periods for the treated observations and thus circumventing problems arising in canonical difference-in-differences approaches. The open-source flexpaneldid toolbox for Stata implements the developed approach and allows comprehensive robustness checks and quality tests. The core of the paper gives comprehensive examples to explain the use of the commands and its options on the basis of a publicly accessible data set.

Publikation lesen

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Identifying Cooperation for Innovation – A Comparison of Data Sources

Michael Fritsch Matthias Piontek Mirko Titze

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 1, 2019

Abstract

The value of social network analysis is critically dependent on the comprehensive and reliable identification of actors and their relationships. We compare regional knowledge networks based on different types of data sources, namely, co-patents, co-publications, and publicly subsidised collaborative Research and Development projects. Moreover, by combining these three data sources, we construct a multilayer network that provides a comprehensive picture of intraregional interactions. By comparing the networks based on the data sources, we address the problems of coverage and selection bias. We observe that using only one data source leads to a severe underestimation of regional knowledge interactions, especially those of private sector firms and independent researchers. The key role of universities that connect many regional actors is identified in all three types of data.

Publikation lesen

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Who Benefits from GRW? Heterogeneous Employment Effects of Investment Subsidies in Saxony Anhalt

Eva Dettmann Mirko Titze Antje Weyh

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 27, 2017

Abstract

The paper estimates the plant level employment effects of investment subsidies in one of the most strongly subsidized German Federal States. We analyze the treated plants as a whole, as well as the influence of heterogeneity in plant characteristics and the economic environment. Modifying the standard matching and difference-in-difference approach, we develop a new procedure that is particularly useful for the evaluation of funding programs with individual treatment phases within the funding period. Our data base combines treatment, employment and regional information from different sources. So, we can relate the absolute effects to the amount of the subsidy paid. The results suggest that investment subsidies have a positive influence on the employment development in absolute and standardized figures – with considerable effect heterogeneity.

Publikation lesen

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Identifying the Effects of Place-based Policies – Causal Evidence from Germany

Eva Dettmann Matthias Brachert Mirko Titze

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 18, 2016

Abstract

The German government provides discretionary investment grants to structurally weak regions to reduce regional disparities. We use a regression discontinuity design that exploits an exogenous discrete jump in the probability of receiving investment grants to identify the causal effects of the investment grant on regional outcomes. We find positive effects for regional gross value-added and productivity growth, but no effects for employment and gross wage growth.

Publikation lesen

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Do Manufacturing Firms Benefit from Services FDI? – Evidence from Six New EU Member States

J. Damijan Crt Kostevc Philipp Marek Matija Rojec

in: IWH-Diskussionspapiere, Nr. 5, 2015

Abstract

This paper focuses on the effect of foreign presence in the services sector on the productivity growth of downstream customers in the manufacturing sector in six EU new member countries in the course of their accession to the European Union. For this purpose, the analysis combines firm-level information, data on economic structures and annual national input-output tables. The findings suggest that services FDI may enhance productivity of manufacturing firms in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries through vertical forward spillovers, and thereby contribute to their competitiveness. The consideration of firm characteristics shows that the magnitude of spillover effects depends on size, ownership structure, and initial productivity level of downstream firms as well as on the diverging technological intensity across sector on the supply and demand side. The results suggest that services FDI foster productivity of domestic rather than foreign controlled firms in the host economy. For the period between 2003 and 2008, the findings suggest that the increasing share of services provided by foreign affiliates enhanced the productivity growth of domestic firms in manufacturing by 0.16%. Furthermore, the firms’ absorptive capability and the size reduce the spillover effect of services FDI on the productivity of manufacturing firms. A sectoral distinction shows that firms at the end of the value chain experience a larger productivity growth through services FDI, whereas the aggregate positive effect seems to be driven by FDI in energy supply. This does not hold for science-based industries, which are spurred by foreign presence in knowledge-intensive business services.

Publikation lesen
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