18.12.2018 • 22/2018
IWH leitet millionenschweres EU-Forschungsprojekt zur Produktivität
Verliert das Produktivitätswachstum in den Industrieländern an Schwung? Und wenn ja, warum? Mit diesen Fragen, die für die gesamte Wirtschaft von zentraler Bedeutung sind, befasst sich das Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) ab Jahresbeginn 2019 als Koordinator eines neuen EU-Projekts. Unter dem Titel MICROPROD arbeiten Ökonomen und Statistikexperten neun europäischer Partner für drei Jahre zusammen. Mit einem Gesamtbudget von knapp drei Millionen Euro ist es das bislang größte EU-Projekt am IWH.
Reports des European Forecasting Network (EFN)
Reports des European Forecasting Network (EFN) Das European Forecasting Network...
The Minimum Wage Effects on Skilled Crafts Sector in Saxony-Anhalt ...
Schlüsselbrücken zur Gebietsstands-Transformation in Deutschland – Daten Zur...
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers Die IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers beinhalten...
CompNet - The Competitiveness Research Network The Competitiveness Research Network...
Measuring the Impact of Household Innovation using Administrative Data
NBER Working Paper,
We link USPTO patent data to U.S. Census Bureau administrative records on individuals and firms. The combined dataset provides us with a directory of patenting household inventors as well as a time-series directory of self-employed businesses tied to household innovations. We describe the characteristics of household inventors by race, age, gender and U.S. origin, as well as the types of patented innovations pursued by these inventors. Business data allows us to highlight how patents shape the early life-cycle dynamics of nonemployer businesses. We find household innovators are disproportionately U.S. born, white and their age distribution has thicker tails relative to business innovators. Data shows there is a deficit of female and black inventors. Household inventors tend to work in consumer product areas compared to traditional business patents. While patented household innovations do not have the same impact of business innovations their uniqueness and impact remains surprisingly high. Back of the envelope calculations suggest patented household innovations granted between 2000 and 2011 might generate $5.0B in revenue (2000 dollars).
Innovation, Reallocation, and Growth
American Economic Review,
We build a model of firm-level innovation, productivity growth, and reallocation featuring endogenous entry and exit. A new and central economic force is the selection between high- and low-type firms, which differ in terms of their innovative capacity. We estimate the parameters of the model using US Census microdata on firm-level output, R&D, and patenting. The model provides a good fit to the dynamics of firm entry and exit, output, and R&D. Taxing the continued operation of incumbents can lead to sizable gains (of the order of 1.4 percent improvement in welfare) by encouraging exit of less productive firms and freeing up skilled labor to be used for R&D by high-type incumbents. Subsidies to the R&D of incumbents do not achieve this objective because they encourage the survival and expansion of low-type firms.
Within Gain, Structural Pain: Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Growth
New Structural Economics Working Paper No. E2018010,
This paper is the first to study the effects of capital account liberalization on structural transformation and compare the contribution of within term and structural term to economic growth. We use a 10-sector-level productivity dataset to decomposes the effects of opening capital account on within-sector productivity growth and cross-sector structural transformation. We find that opening capital account is associated with labor productivity and employment share increment in sectors with higher human capital intensity and external financial dependence, as well as non-tradable sectors. But it results in a growth-reducing structural transformation by directing labor into sectors with lower productivity. Moreover, in the ten years after capital account liberalization, the contribution share of structural transformation decreases while that of within productivity growth increases. We conclude that the relationship between capital account liberalization and economic growth is within gain and structural pain.