Nov 2022

10:00 - 12:00
IWH Research Seminar

Modern Manufacturing Capital, Labor Demand, and Product Market Dynamics: Evidence from France

We use comprehensive micro data in the French manufacturing sector between 1995 and 2017 to document the effects of a fall in the cost of investments in modern manufacturing capital, including modern automation technologies, on employment, wages, sales, prices, and business stealing.

Philippe Aghion (Collège de France; London School of Economics)
via Zoom
Philippe Aghion (Collège de France; London School of Economics)

Zur Person

Philippe Aghion is Professor at the Collège de France and at the London School of Economics. His research focuses on the economics of growth.

Causal effects are estimated with event studies and a shift-share IV design leveraging pre-determined supply linkages and productivity shocks across foreign suppliers of manufacturing capital. At all levels of analysis — plant, firm, and industry — the estimated impact of capital investments on employment is positive, even for unskilled industrial workers. Furthermore, we find that capital investments lead to higher sales and exports, higher profits, and lower consumer prices, while wages and wage inequality remain unchanged. We estimate a positive industry-level employment response to manufacturing capital investments only in industries that are exposed to import competition, due to business-stealing across countries. Thus, typical investments in modern manufacturing capital lead to an increase in domestic labor demand and promote competitiveness in international markets.

To join the lecture via ZOOM, please contact Javier Miranda.

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