25 Jahre IWH

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State Aid and Guarantees in Europe

During the recent financial crisis, governments massively intervened in the banking sector by providing liquidity assistance and capital support to banks in distress. This helped stabilize the financial system in the short run. However, public bailouts also bear the risk of longer-term distortions, for example, by affecting bailout expectations of banks. In this chapter, the authors first provide an overview of state aid interventions during the recent crisis episode. The third section then analyzes the effects of state aid on financial stability from a theoretical view. This is followed by the description of results obtained from empirical studies. The link between the provision of state aid and politics is discussed in the section “Institutional Design and Policy Implications”. Finally, in the section “The European Banking Union” the authors describe the elements of the European Banking Union meant to resolve and restructure banks in distress and to lower the need for public intervention. Based on the preceding analysis, conclusions are drawn regarding the new design.

13. Dezember 2016

Autoren Reint E. Gropp Lena Tonzer

Professor Reint E. Gropp, Ph.D.

Über den Autor

Professor Reint E. Gropp, Ph.D.

Seit November 2014 hat Reint E. Gropp das Amt des Präsidenten des IWH inne und ist Inhaber eines Lehrstuhls für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg. Er ist Fellow des Center for Financial Studies, Frankfurt, und Mit-Herausgeber des Review of Finance. Als Berater ist er unter anderem für die Bank of Canada und die Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco tätig.

Außerdem in diesem Heft

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European Bank Efficiency and Performance: The Effects of Supranational Versus National Bank Supervision

Rients Galema Michael Koetter

in: T. Beck, B. Casu (eds): The Palgrave Handbook of European Banking, London , 2016

Abstract

This chapter explores European bank efficiency and performance. First, the authors provide an overview of the key estimation methods for efficiency and discuss selected applications to the European banking sector. Second, they apply stochastic frontier analysis to investigate the extent to which the reallocation of supervisory powers is associated with efficiency differences between European banks. In doing so, the discussion focuses particularly on whether direct supervision by the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) as opposed to national competent authority (NCA) is related to cost and profit efficiency.

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