25 Years IWH

Wie hoch ist die Unterbeschäftigung in Ost- und Westdeutschland? Arbeitsplatzausstattung und Arbeitsplatzlücke nach Geschlechtern in Ost- und Westdeutschland

The paper investigates the number and structure of available jobs by gender in East and West Germany, the gap between the supply and demand of jobs by gender in both regions and the reasons for the wider “job gap“ in East Germany compared with West Germany. The analysis shows no significant difference in the number of jobs per 1000 persons in working age between East and West Germany. For women, the East German economy offers more jobs. Nevertheless, the gap between labour demand and the supply of jobs is wider in East germany. This is caused not only by problems concerning the production structure, but also by the significantly higher participation rate of women in the labour market. Reasons are the traditional behaviour of East German women and - compared with West germany - the considerably lower household income.

Authors Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Johann Fuchs Cornelia Lang

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