25 Years IWH

Birgit Schultz

Birgit Schultz
Current Position

since 1/95

Economist in the Department of Macroeconomics

Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association

Research Interests

  • analyzing and forecasting of wages, income, private consumption and prices (consumer prices and GDP deflator) in Germany
  • German Sector accounts
  • export orientation of companies and wage compensation
  • methods of micro-econometric evaluation, especially matching approaches

As a member of the Department of Macroeconomics, Birgit Schultz focuses on the research topics of diagnosis and forecast of wages and salaries, income and the private consumption in Germany and East Germany as well as the price forecast since 2007. Before, she was a member of the Department of Labor Market, the Unit of Formal Methods and in the Department of Macroeconomics. She is also involved in the organisation of workshops and conferences of the IWH.

Birgit Schultz studied business administration at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and the Manchester Metropolitan University (UK).

Your contact

Birgit Schultz
Birgit Schultz
Mitglied - Department Macroeconomics
Send Message +49 345 7753-818

Publications

Recent Publications

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The Minimum Wage Effects on Skilled Crafts Sector in Saxony-Anhalt

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Birgit Schultz

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 31, 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of the minimum wage introduction in Germany in 2015 on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt. Using novel survey data on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt, we examine three questions: (1) How many employees are affected by the minimum wage introduction in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony- Anhalt? (2) What are the effects of the minimum wage introduction? (3) How have firms reacted to wage increase? We find that about 8% of all employees in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt are directly affected by the minimum wage introduction. A difference-in-difference estimation reveals no significant employment effects of the minimum wage introduction. We test for alternative adjustment strategies and observe a significant increase of output prices.

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7. IWH/INFER-Workshop on Applied Economics and Economic Policy: “Challenges and Implications of Inflationary Dynamics“

Birgit Schultz Gregor von Schweinitz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel , No. 4, 2017

Abstract

Am 7. und 8. September 2017 fand am IWH in Zusammenarbeit mit dem International Network for Economic Research (INFER) und unter Förderung der Stadt Halle (Saale) der 7. Workshop in der Reihe „Applied Economics and Economic Policy“ statt. Im Rahmen des Workshops stellten Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler europäischer Universitäten und internationaler Organisationen ihre neuesten Forschungsergebnisse zu aktuellen ökonomischen Fragen und Problemen vor und diskutierten diese intensiv. Insbesondere gab es einen regen Austausch über das Spezialthema „Challenges and Implications of Inflationary Dynamics“. Hier ging es vor allem um die Entwicklungen von Inflationserwartungen sowie mögliche Gründe und Folgen dieser Entwicklungen.

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IWH-Flash-Indikator IV. Quartal 2017 und I. Quartal 2018

Birgit Schultz

in: One-off Publications , No. 4, 2017

Abstract

Die deutsche Wirtschaft hat ihr bereits hohes Expansionstempo zuletzt nochmals erhöht. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) stieg im dritten Quartal 2017 mit 0,8% schneller als im Vorquartal. Der IWH-Flash-Indikator deutet darauf hin, dass das Expansionstempo nur geringfügig nachlassen und auch im vierten Quartal 2017 und im ersten Quartal 2018 hoch bleiben wird. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt dürfte in beiden Quartalen jeweils um 0,6% steigen.

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Refereed Publications

Comparing the training activities of unemployed and full-time employed people

Birgit Schultz Joachim Wilde

in: Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung , No. 1, 2008

Abstract

Many empirical studies for Germany consider either the training activities of the unemployed or those of employees. However, a comprehensive comparison of both groups had not been conducted until now. The paper closes this gap. Using data from the latest time-use survey (Zeitbudgeterhebung) of the Federal Statistical Office, the amount of training undertaken by the two groups is compared. Furthermore, the types of activities that are made use of in particular are described. Heterogeneity due to different relevant socioeconomic characteristics in the two groups is eliminated by applying a matching procedure. The findings demonstrate that only 49% of unemployed people participate in any kind of training activity off the job. In the case of full-time employment 59 % would take part. Concerning the average expenditure of time per week the difference is reversed, i.e. the expenditure of time is greater during unemployment. However, a large proportion of the training activities undertaken by the unemployed comprises general training, e.g. by reading books or watching television. Furthermore, the result is driven by a different potential of time that can be used for training activities off the job. In relation to this potential of time, the amount of training activity is still smaller during unemployment.

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Mikroökonometrische Evaluation der ökonomischen Wirkungen betrieblicher Mitbestimmung - Möglichkeiten und Grenzen des Matching-Ansatzes

Birgit Schultz

in: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik , No. 5, 2006

Abstract

The evaluation of economic effects of workers participation is not simple from the methodical point of view because of specific characteristics of establishments with works councils. Especially recent studies show contradictory results. In this study problems are pointed out, discussed, and options for solution are presented on the example of workers participation in East German establishments of industry and construction by the IAB-Establishment Panel. An optimal matching-algorithm which supplies good matching-results for small samples to assign 'statistical establishment-twins' is applied. But by reason of very short primarily spells it can only calculate short time effects. Therefore, the matching method is additionally used to construct longer observation periods. By this new application establishments with recently founded works councils are matched with so called 'proxy establishments' with existing works councils. As a result short observation periods are prolonged and information about long-term effects can be given. The effects on productivity, profitability and qualification level of employees show neither in short-term nor in long-term a significant impact on workers' participation.

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Evaluation of Further Training Programmes with an Optimal Matching Algorithm

Eva Reinowski Birgit Schultz Jürgen Wiemers

in: Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics , 2005

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effects of further training on the unemployment duration of different groups of persons representing individual characteristics and some aspects of the economic environment. The Micro Census Saxony enables us to include the employment history as a proxy for unobserved variables and to avoid Ashenfelters Dip. We employ an optimal full matching assignment, which is superior to greedy pair matching in the sense that it avoids the loss of observations due to the design of the algorithm. Overall, we find empirical evidence that participation in further training programmes results in even longer unemployment, with only gradual differences.

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Working Papers

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The Minimum Wage Effects on Skilled Crafts Sector in Saxony-Anhalt

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Birgit Schultz

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 31, 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of the minimum wage introduction in Germany in 2015 on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt. Using novel survey data on the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt, we examine three questions: (1) How many employees are affected by the minimum wage introduction in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony- Anhalt? (2) What are the effects of the minimum wage introduction? (3) How have firms reacted to wage increase? We find that about 8% of all employees in the skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt are directly affected by the minimum wage introduction. A difference-in-difference estimation reveals no significant employment effects of the minimum wage introduction. We test for alternative adjustment strategies and observe a significant increase of output prices.

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A Federal Long-run Projection Model for Germany

Oliver Holtemöller Maike Irrek Birgit Schultz

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 11, 2012

Abstract

Many economic decisions implicitly or explicitly rely on a projection of the medium- or long-term economic development of a country or region. In this paper, we provide a federal long-run projection model for Germany and the German states. The model fea-tures a top-down approach and, as major contribution, uses error correction models to estimate the regional economic development dependent on the national projection. For the medium- and long-term projection of economic activity, we apply a production function approach. We provide a detailed robustness analysis by systematically varying assumptions of the model. Additionally, we explore the effects of different demographic trends on economic development.

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Vergleich der Weiterbildungsaktivitäten von Arbeitslosen und Vollzeiterwerbstätigen

Birgit Schultz Joachim Wilde

in: IWH Discussion Papers , No. 9, 2007

Abstract

Many empirical studies consider either training activities of the unemployed or training activities of the employees in Germany. However, a comprehensive comparison of both groups is missing. The paper closes this gap. Using data of the latest time use survey (Zeitbudgeterhebung) of the Federal Statistical Office, the amount of training is compared for both groups. Furthermore, it is described which types of activities are made use of in particular. Heterogeneity due to different relevant socioeconomic characteristics in the two groups is eliminated by the appliance of a matching procedure. Findings demonstrate that only 49% of the unemployed persons participate in any kind of training activities off the job. In case of the full-time employment 59 % would take part. Concerning the average expenditure of time per week the difference turns around, i.e. the expenditure of time is higher during unemployment. However, a high proportion of the training activities of the unemployed falls upon general training, e.g. by reading books or watching TV. Furthermore, the result is driven by a different potential of time that can be used for training activities off the job. Relating to this potential of time the amount of training activities is still lower during unemployment.

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