Trade Shocks, Labour Markets and Migration in the First Globalisation
This paper studies the economic and political effects of a large trade shock in agriculture—the grain invasion from the Americas—in Prussia during the first globalisation (1870–913). We show that this shock led to a decline in the employment rate and overall income. However, we do not observe declining per capita income and political polarisation, which we explain by a strong migration response. Our results suggest that the negative and persistent effects of trade shocks we see today are not a universal feature of globalisation, but depend on labour mobility. For our analysis, we digitise data from Prussian industrial and agricultural censuses on the county level and combine them with national trade data at the product level. We exploit the cross-regional variation in cultivated crops within Prussia and instrument with Italian and United States trade data to isolate exogenous variation.
People Job Market Candidates Doctoral...
IWH-Insolvenzforschung Die IWH-Insolvenzforschungsstelle bündelt die...
Postdoctoral Researcher in Productivity Dynamics and Growth (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-06]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Productivity Dynamics and...
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IWH-DPE Call for Applications – Fall 2024 Intake
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PostDoc Position in the Department of Laws, Regulations and Factor Markets (100%) (f/m/x) [2024-02]
Vacancy PostDoc Position (100%) (f/m/x) [2024-02] ...
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Sources of Large Firms’ Market Power and Why It Matters
Excessive market power has detrimental effects on the functioning of the economy, raising consumer prices, distorting the allocation of resources, and creating welfare losses. The existing literature has largely focussed on competition in product markets. This column argues that it is important to differentiate between various sources of firm market power on output and input (most notably labour) markets. European firm-level data reveals that large firms charge lower markups in product markets but exert their market power significantly in labour markets. Competition authorities can and must distinguish between the sources of market power when attempting to regulate it.