28.01.2019 • 2/2019
Wissenschaftsrat stimmt IWH-Erweiterung zu
Der Wissenschaftsrat befürwortet die Gründung einer neuen Abteilung am Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH). Mit zusätzlichen Forschenden und einem neuen Ansatz will das Institut untersuchen, welche Auswirkungen das Zusammenspiel von unterschiedlichen staatlichen Eingriffen in Finanz- und Arbeitsmärkte auf die Gesamtwirtschaft hat.
Unsere Forschungsgruppen ...
Banks Response to Higher Capital Requirements: Evidence from a Quasi-natural Experiment
Review of Financial Studies,
We study the impact of higher capital requirements on banks’ balance sheets and their transmission to the real economy. The 2011 EBA capital exercise is an almost ideal quasi-natural experiment to identify this impact with a difference-in-differences matching estimator. We find that treated banks increase their capital ratios by reducing their risk-weighted assets, not by raising their levels of equity, consistent with debt overhang. Banks reduce lending to corporate and retail customers, resulting in lower asset, investment, and sales growth for firms obtaining a larger share of their bank credit from the treated banks.
Von der CIA und einem Glas Rotwein ... Prof. Dr. Udo Ludwig über die Anfänge und...
Als es in Halle noch kaum Wohnungen gab ... Brigitte Loose über die Gründung und...
Konjunkturprognosen Das IWH erstellt regelmäßig für das laufende und das kommende...
China’s Monetary Policy Communication: Frameworks, Impact, and Recommendations
IMF Working Paper No. 18/244,
Financial markets are eager for any signal of monetary policy from the People’s Bank of China (PBC). The importance of effective monetary policy communication will only increase as China continues to liberalize its financial system and open its economy. This paper discusses the country’s unique institutional setup and empirically analyzes the impact on financial markets of the PBC’s main communication channels, including a novel communication channel. The results suggest that there has been significant progress but that PBC communication is still evolving toward the level of other major economies. The paper recommends medium-term policy reforms and reforms that can be adopted quickly.
SSRN Working Papers,
We examine the relationship between protracted CEO successions and stock returns. In protracted successions, an incumbent CEO announces his or her resignation without a known successor, so the incumbent CEO becomes a “lame duck.” We find that 31% of CEO successions from 2005 to 2014 in the S&P 1500 are protracted, during which the incumbent CEO is a lame duck for an average period of about 6 months. During the reign of lame duck CEOs, firms generate an annual four-factor alpha of 11% and exhibit significant positive earnings surprises. Investors’ under-reaction to no news on new CEO information and underestimation of the positive effects of the tournament among the CEO candidates drive our results.
Kommentar: Mit bester Absicht in die Krise
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
Zehn Jahre nach der Lehman-Pleite werden die Finanzmärkte besser kontrolliert denn je. Das kann böse Folgen haben.
Information Feedback in Temporal Networks as a Predictor of Market Crashes
In complex systems, statistical dependencies between individual components are often considered one of the key mechanisms which drive the system dynamics observed on a macroscopic level. In this paper, we study cross-sectional time-lagged dependencies in financial markets, quantified by nonparametric measures from information theory, and estimate directed temporal dependency networks in financial markets. We examine the emergence of strongly connected feedback components in the estimated networks, and hypothesize that the existence of information feedback in financial networks induces strong spatiotemporal spillover effects and thus indicates systemic risk. We obtain empirical results by applying our methodology on stock market and real estate data, and demonstrate that the estimated networks exhibit strongly connected components around periods of high volatility in the markets. To further study this phenomenon, we construct a systemic risk indicator based on the proposed approach, and show that it can be used to predict future market distress. Results from both the stock market and real estate data suggest that our approach can be useful in obtaining early-warning signals for crashes in financial markets.