Bank Concentration and Product Market Competition
Review of Financial Studies,
This paper documents a link between bank concentration and markups in nonfinancial sectors. We exploit concentration-increasing bank mergers and variation in banks’ market shares across industries and show that higher credit concentration is associated with higher markups and that high-market-share lenders charge lower loan rates. We argue that this is due to the greater incidence of competing firms sharing common lenders that induce less aggressive product market behavior among their borrowers, thereby internalizing potential adverse effects of higher rates. Consistent with our conjecture, the effect is stronger in industries with competition in strategic substitutes where negative product market externalities are greatest.
01.04.2019 • 8/2019
Banken steigern Ertrag, wenn Fusionsschranken fallen
Wenn durch den Wegfall politischer Konsolidierungsbarrieren aus zwei Banken eine wird, wird das neu entstandene Institut deutlich profitabler und nützlicher für die Realwirtschaft. Zu diesem Schluss kommt eine Untersuchung von zwangsfusionierten Sparkassen, durchgeführt vom Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH). Aus der Studie ergeben sich wichtige Erkenntnisse für den deutschen und den europäischen Bankenmarkt.
Consumer Bankruptcy, Bank Mergers and Information
Review of Finance,
This article analyzes the relationship between consumer bankruptcy patterns and the destruction of soft information caused by mergers. Using a major Canadian bank merger as a source of exogenous variation in local banking conditions, we show that local markets affected by the merger exhibit an increase in consumer bankruptcy rates post-merger. The evidence is consistent with the most plausible mechanism being the disruption of consumer–bank relationships. Markets affected by the merger show a decrease in the merging institutions’ branch presence and market share, including those stemming from higher switching rates. We rule out alternative mechanisms such as changes in quantity of credit, loan rates, or observable borrower characteristics.
A Lesson Learned? Pre- and Post-Crisis Entry Decisions in Turkish Banking
Contemporary Economic Policy,
This study looks at the determinants of entry by Turkish banks into local markets during the periods before and after the crisis of 2000–2001. Motivated by a theoretical model of entry, results of fixed-effects logit regressions suggest that there has been a change in the geographical diversification strategies of Turkish banks. It appears that the dominance of strategic concerns, such as competing with banks of similar size, has diminished, while economic concerns, such as incumbent characteristics and cost considerations, have become more important. Overall, the postcrisis restructuring policies seem to have led to improved decision making in the sector.
Does Post-Crisis Restructuring Decrease the Availability of Banking Services? The Case of Turkey
Journal of Banking and Finance,
This study examines the relationship between post-crisis bank consolidation and the number of bank branches in Turkey. Using a unique data set, the analysis addresses several issues related to the impact of market characteristics on branching behavior. The findings suggest that sales of failed institutions by the central authority lead to branch closures in small and uncompetitive markets where the buyer does not have a prior presence. Contrary to popular belief, mergers between healthy institutions do not always cause a decrease in the number of branches; rather, they are shown to increase the availability of banking services in concentrated markets.
Cross-border Mergers in European Banking and Bank Efficiency: Discussion
Foreign Direct Investment in the Real and Financial Sector of Industrial Countries,