The Regional Effects of Professional Sports Franchises – Causal Evidence from Four European Football Leagues
We use the locational pattern of clubs in four major professional football leagues in Europe to test the causal effect of changes in premier league membership on regional employment and output growth at the NUTS 3 level. We rely on the relegation mode of the classical round-robin tournament in the European model of sport to develop a regression-discontinuity design. The results indicate small and significant negative short-term effects on regional employment and output in the sports-related economic sector when clubs are relegated from the premier division of the respective football league. In addition, we find small negative effects on overall regional employment growth. However, total regional gross value added remains unaffected, indicating that in the main it is the less productive jobs that disappear in the short-term.
Firm Productivity Report
CompNet - The Competitive Research Network,
As we enter a second phase of the COVID-pandemic, in which we attempt to reopen economies and foster growth, investigating the efficiency and productivity of firms becomes essential if we wish to design the appropriate policies. The 2020 Flagship Firm Productivity report provides a comprehensive account of how productivity is changing –and what is driving those changes –in Europe, drawing from granular firm-level information.Although it was written before the crisis erupted, this report can therefore offer critical insights to current policymaking andprovides grounds for future research.
Financial Linkages and Sectoral Business Cycle Synchronisation: Evidence from Europe
We analyse whether financial integration between countries leads to converging or diverging business cycles using a dynamic spatial model. Our model allows for contemporaneous spillovers of shocks to GDP growth between countries that are financially integrated and delivers a scalar measure of the spillover intensity at each point in time. For a financial network of ten European countries from 1996-2017, we find that the spillover effects are positive on average but much larger during periods of financial stress, pointing towards stronger business cycle synchronisation. Dismantling GDP growth into value added growth of ten major industries, we observe that some sectors are strongly affected by positive spillovers (wholesale & retail trade, industrial production), others only to a weaker degree (agriculture, construction, finance), while more nationally influenced industries show no evidence for significant spillover effects (public administration, arts & entertainment, real estate).
Employment Protection and Firm-level Job Reallocation: Adjusting for Coverage
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers,
This paper finds that employment protection legislation (EPL) had a significant impact on employment adjustment in Europe over 2001-2013, once we account for firm-size related exemptions to EPL. We construct a novel coverage-adjusted EPL indicator and find that EPL hinders employment growth at the firm level and increases the share of firms that remain in the same size class. This suggests that stricter EPL restrains job creation because firms fear the costs of shedding jobs during downturns. We do not find evidence that EPL has positive effects on employment by limiting job losses after adverse shocks. In addition to standard controls for the share of credit-constrained firms and the position in the business cycle, we also control for sizerelated corporate tax exemptions and find that these also significantly constrain job creation among incumbent firms.
IWH warnt vor neuer Bankenkrise Die Corona-Rezession könnte das Aus für dutzende Banken bundesweit bedeuten – selbst...
Schlüsselbrücken zur Gebietsstands-Transformation in Deutschland Der Staat besitzt...
The CompNet Competitiveness Database The Competitiveness Research Network (CompNet)...
08.05.2019 • 11/2019
Erweiterung des IWH beschlossen
Die Gemeinsame Wissenschaftskonferenz (GWK) von Bund und Ländern hat dem Antrag des Leibniz-Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) auf einen großen strategischen Sondertatbestand in Form einer strategischen Erweiterung zugestimmt. Ab dem Jahr 2020 erhält das Institut eine zusätzliche Grundfinanzierung in Höhe von 1,3 Millionen Euro jährlich. IWH-Präsident Reint E. Gropp zeigt sich außerordentlich erfreut über den großen Erfolg.