Trade, Misallocation, and Capital Market Integration
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers,
I study how cross-country capital market integration affects the gains from trade in a model with financial frictions and heterogeneous, forward-looking firms. The model predicts that misallocation among exporters increases as trade barriers fall, even as misallocation decreases in the aggregate. The reason is that financially constrained productive exporters increase their production only marginally, while unproductive exporters survive for longer and increase their size. Allowing capital inflows magnifies misallocation, because unproductive firms expand even more, leading to a decline in aggregate productivity. Nevertheless, under integrated capital markets, access to cheaper capital dominates the adverse effect on productivity, leading to higher output, consumption and welfare than under closed capital markets. Applied to the period of European integration between 1992 and 2008, I find that underdeveloped sectors experiencing higher export exposure had more misallocation of capital and a higher share of unproductive firms, thus the data is consistent with the model’s predictions. A key implication of the model is that TFP is a poor proxy for consumption growth after trade liberalisation.
Structural Stability of the Research & Development Sector in European Economies Despite the Economic Crisis
Journal of Evolutionary Economics,
When an external shock such as the economic crisis in 2008/2009 occurs, the interconnectedness of sectors can be affected. This paper investigates whether the R&D sector experienced changes in its sectoral integration through the recession. Based on an input-output analysis, it can be shown that the linkages of the R&D sector with other sectors remain stable. In some countries, the inter-sectoral integration becomes even stronger. Policy makers can be encouraged to use public R&D spending as a means of fiscal policy against an economic crisis.
Price-cost Margin and Bargaining Power in the European Union
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers,
Using firm-level data between 2004 and 2012 for eleven countries of the European Union (EU), we document the size of product and labour market imperfections within narrowly defined sectors including services which are virtually undocumented. Our findings suggest that perfect competition in both product and labour markets is widely rejected. Levels of the price-cost margin and union bargaining power tend to be higher in some service sectors depicting however substantial heterogeneity. Dispersion within sector and across countries tends to be higher in some services sectors assuming a less tradable nature which suggests that the Single Market integration is partial particularly relaxing the assumption of perfect competition in the labour market. We report also figures for the aggregate economy and show that Eastern countries tend to depict lower product and labour market imperfections compared to other countries in the EU. Also, we provide evidence in favour of a very limited adjustment of both product and labour market imperfections following the international and financial crisis.
Members & Research Doctoral Students Dmitri Bershadskyy; Doctoral thesis project: "Experimental Analysis of the Relationship between Institution Stability and...
The CompNet Competitiveness Database The Competitiveness Research Network (CompNet)...
Study programme The course programme is a structured curriculum that provides...
Wirtschaft im Wandel
Wirtschaft im Wandel Mit seiner Zeitschrift "Wirtschaft im Wandel" will das IWH...
18.12.2018 • 22/2018
IWH leitet millionenschweres EU-Forschungsprojekt zur Produktivität
Verliert das Produktivitätswachstum in den Industrieländern an Schwung? Und wenn ja, warum? Mit diesen Fragen, die für die gesamte Wirtschaft von zentraler Bedeutung sind, befasst sich das Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) ab Jahresbeginn 2019 als Koordinator eines neuen EU-Projekts. Unter dem Titel MICROPROD arbeiten Ökonomen und Statistikexperten neun europäischer Partner für drei Jahre zusammen. Mit einem Gesamtbudget von knapp drei Millionen Euro ist es das bislang größte EU-Projekt am IWH.
Speed Projects Hier finden Sie die Speed Projects chronologisch absteigend...