Banking Deregulation and Consumption of Home Durables
IWH Discussion Papers,
We exploit the spatial and temporal variation of the staggered introduction of inter state banking deregulation across the U.S. to study the relationship between credit constraints and consumption of durables. Using the American Housing Survey from 1981 to 1989, we link the timing of these reforms with evidence of a credit expansion and household responses on many margins. We find evidence that low-income households are more likely to purchase new appliances after the deregulation. These durable goods allowed households to consume less natural gas and spend less time in domestic activities after the reforms.
The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Institutional Ownership
Journal of Financial Stability,
This paper provides original evidence from institutional investors that political uncertainty greatly affects investment behavior. Using institutional holdings of common stock, we find that institutions significantly reduce their holdings by 0.8–2.3% points during presidential election years. Such effect holds for gubernatorial elections with cross-state-border difference-in-difference analysis and for tests using a political uncertainty index. The effect is the opposite for American Depository Receipts (ADRs). In addition, we find that institutions benefit financially from the observed strategy, and such strategy is in line with predicted outcomes of presidential election polls.
Global Syndicated Lending during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Journal of Banking and Finance,
This paper examines the pricing of global syndicated loans during the COVID-19 pandemic. We find that loan spreads rise by over 11 basis points in response to a one standard deviation increase in the lender's exposure to COVID-19 and over 5 basis points for an equivalent increase in the borrower's exposure. This implies excess interestof about USD 5.16 million and USD 2.37 million respectively for a loan of average size and duration. The aggravating effect of the pandemic is exacerbated with the level of government restrictions to tackle the virus's spread, with firms’ financial constraints and reliance on debt financing, whereas it is mitigated for relationship borrowers, borrowers listed in multiple exchanges or headquartered in countries that can attract institutional investors.
Produktivität: Mehr mit weniger durch besser Die verfügbaren Ressourcen sind begrenzt. Nur wenn wir sie...
IWH-Alumni Das IWH möchte den Kontakt zu seinen ehemaligen Mitarbeiterinnen und...
DPE Course Programme Archive
DPE Course Programme Archive 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018...
29.07.2021 • 20/2021
Kommunikation statt Konflikt – was weibliche CEOs für Hedgefonds interessant macht
Der Wert weiblich geführter Unternehmen wird durch die Intervention aktivistischer Investoren stärker erhöht als der von Unternehmen mit männlichen CEOs. Das geht aus einer aktuellen Veröffentlichung von Iftekhar Hasan (Fordham University und IWH) und Qiang Wu (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, RPI) am Leibniz Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) hervor. „Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass weibliche CEOs aufgrund ihrer starken kommunikativen und zwischenmenschlichen Fähigkeiten besonders von der Intervention von aktivistischen Hedgefonds profitieren“, erklärt Iftekhar Hasan. Denn im Durchschnitt erhöht das Eingreifen eines aktivistischen Hedgefonds den Wert des Unternehmens ex post. Um das zu erreichen, setzen aktivistische Hedgefonds wie Carl Icahn, Trian Fundmanagement oder Elliott bevorzugt auf Kommunikation und Kooperation mit dem Management.
The Impact of Risk-based Capital Rules for International Lending on Income Inequality: Global Evidence
This paper investigates the impact of international bank flows from G10 lender countries on income inequality in 74 borrower countries over 1999–2013. Specifically, we examine the role of international bank flows contingent upon the Basel 2 capital regulation and the level of financial market development in the borrower countries. First, we find that improvements in the borrower country risk weights due to rating upgrades under the Basel 2 framework significantly increase bank flows, leading to improvements in income inequality. Second, we find that the level of financial market development is also important. We report that a well-functioning financial market helps the poor access credit and thereby reduces inequality. Moreover, we employ threshold estimations to identify the thresholds for each of the financial development measures that borrower countries need to reach before realizing the potential reductions in income inequality from international bank financing.