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Eine CO2-neutrale Zukunft: Wie kann das funktionieren? Dieser Frage widmet sich eine Konferenz am Leibniz-Institut für...
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The Value of Early-Career Skills
CESifo Working Paper,
We develop novel measures of early-career skills that are more detailed, comprehensive, and labor-market-relevant than existing skill proxies. We exploit that skill requirements of apprenticeships in Germany are codified in state-approved, nationally standardized apprenticeship plans. These plans provide more than 13,000 different skills and the exact duration of learning each skill. Following workers over their careers in administrative data, we find that cognitive, social, and digital skills acquired during apprenticeship are highly – yet differently – rewarded. We also document rising returns to digital and social skills since the 1990s, with a more moderate increase in returns to cognitive skills.
The IWH Forecasting Dashboard – From Forecasts to Evaluation and Comparison
IWH Technical Reports,
The paper describes the “Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) Forecasting Dashboard (ForDas)”. This tool aims at providing, on a non-commercial basis, historical and actual macroeconomic forecast data for the Germany economy to researchers and interested audiences. The database renders it possible to directly compare forecast quality across selected institutions and over time. It is partly based on data collected in the DFG-funded project “Macroeconomic Forecasts in Great Crises”.
IWH-Insolvenzforschung Die IWH-Insolvenzforschungsstelle bündelt die...
Employment Effects of Investment Grants and Firm Heterogeneity – Evidence from a Staggered Adoption Approach
IWH Discussion Papers,
This study estimates the establishment-level employment effects of investment grants in Germany. In addition to the average treatment effect for the treated, we focus on discrimination in the funding rules as potential source of effect heterogeneity. We combine the difference-in-differences approach of Callaway and Sant’Anna (2021) that explicitly models variation in treatment timing with a ties matching at the cohort level. We observe a positive effect of investment grants on employment development in the full sample. The subsample analysis yields strong evidence for effect heterogeneity due to firm characteristics and the economic environment.