Total Factor Productivity Growth at the Firm-level: The Effects of Capital Account Liberalization
Journal of International Economics,
This study provides firm-level evidence on the effect of capital account liberalization on total factor productivity (TFP) growth. We find that a one standard deviation increase in the capital account openness indicator constructed by Fernández et al. (2016) is significantly associated with a 0.18 standard deviation increase in firms’ TFP growth rates. The productivity-enhancing effects are stronger for sectors with higher external finance dependence and capital-skill complementarity, and are persistent five years after liberalization. Moreover, we show that potential transmission mechanisms include improved financing conditions, greater skilled labor utilization, and technology upgrades. Finally, we document heterogeneous effects across firm size and tradability, and threshold effects with respect to the country's institutional quality.
The Aggregate Effects of the Decline of Disruptive Innovation
IWH Discussion Papers,
This paper proposes a model that explains both recently documented facts about the decline of disruptive innovation and the decline in productivity growth as the result of large firms trying to monopolize technologies by poaching inventors from disruptive activities. To come to this conclusion, the paper builds an endogenous growth model with inventor labor markets on which firms can interact strategically. To inform this model, I perform an event study of the effect of disruptive inventions on their technology fields using PATSTAT (1980-2010). I document that technology classes without disruption slowly trend towards incrementalism and that after a disruption, more patents get registered and research becomes less incremental.
Labor Market Power and Between-Firm Wage (In)Equality
International Journal of Industrial Organization,
I study how labor market power affects firm wage differences using German manufacturing sector firm-level data (1995-2016). In past decades, labor market power increasingly moderated rising between-firm wage differences. This is because high-paying firms possess high and increasing labor market power and pay wages below competitive levels, whereas low-wage firms pay competitive or even above competitive wages. Over time, large, high-wage, high-productivity firms generate increasingly large labor market rents while charging comparably low product markups. This provides novel insights on why such top firms are profitable and successful. Using micro-aggregated data covering most economic sectors, I validate key results for multiple European countries.
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Stellenangebote des IWH Das Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) wurde 1992 gegründet. Zu seinen Aufgaben gehören die wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Forschung...
Postdoctoral Researcher in Entrepreneurship and Innovation (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-05]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Entrepreneurship and...
Postdoctoral Researcher in Labor Economics (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-04]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Labor Economics (f/m/x,...
Research Profiles of the IWH Departments All doctoral students are allocated to one...