Cooperation propensity and public cooperation funding in the German Laser Industry
The high-tech strategy of the federal government defines eight key technologies, including laser industry as a part of the optical technologies. This study provides a first descriptive overview of cooperation propensity and public cooperation funding for German Laser Source manufacturers between 1990 and 2010. Results show that the industry in general was characterized by expansion even though there were periods with a high degree of fluctuations. The spatial analysis of firm entries and exits reveals some interesting insights. The majority of large laser source companies are located in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Thuringia. These regional distribution patterns hold for the absolute number of publicly funded cooperation projects. When considering the relative number of collaborative projects per firm and region the picture changes. It turns out that especially laser source manufacturers in Thuringia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Hamburg show up the highest cooperation propensities and an above-average demand for public funding.