In Focus: Migration Behaviour of East Germans
During the transition period, East Germany faced a strong out-migration towards the western part of Germany. Between 1989 and 2006, the net loss of internal migration in East Germany accumulated to 1.7 million people. Regarding the age distribution of these internal migration flows, it is shown that the net losses are primarily – over 50% – caused by young people aged 18 to 30 years. Besides the most important trend of East-West-migration, substantial regional differences can be observed. In the 1990s, the surrounding areas of large cities in East Germany benefited from suburbanisation. Afterwards, this trend has come to an end so that agglomerations in East Germany currently experience in-migration. However, peripheral regions faced strong negative net migration rates during the entire transition period.