The European Emissions Trading System: What Have We Learned so Far?
The IWH occupies with the consequences of the emission trading for the effected companies. The first period of the European Emission Trading System was conceived as a learning phase during which two problems occurred: The first and most obvious one was the surplus of certificates. The incentives to invest in the mitigation of CO2 can therefore be considered to be low. The second problem resulted from the allocation which was entirely for free. While electricity customers had to bear the main financial burden, electricity producers profited as the certificate-prices were obviously added to the electricity-prices as opportunity costs. The analysis comes to the conclusion that it was right to shorten the amount of certificates on the EU-level for the second trade period and to establish the partly sales or auctioning of certificates in German legislation. Furthermore, the simplification of the allocation method in Germany can be considered to be a progress.