Transformation tables for administrative borders in Germany

The state has the ability to change the original spatial structure of its administrative regions. The stated goal of such a (municipal) territorial reform is usually an improvement in the performance of individual municipalities regarding planning, administrative and political matters. Since the German reunification in 1990, there have been a number of territorial reforms, especially in the New Federal States (Neue Bundesländer), through which municipalities and districts were merged or split up.

The tables provided here are meant to help users by facilitating work with longitudinal German regional data covering such territorial reforms and hence different territorial states.

A brief overview of the contents and structure of the available tables can be found here.

Access to the files

The IWH provides external researchers with these tables for statistical recalculation of districts and municipalities and the creation of temporally consistent territorial states for non-commercial research purposes only. The data is provided as downloadable Excel files. Access is granted upon application.

Please complete the application form with your personal data and a detailed research proposal, which documents your research interest. Based on this information we will conclude a user contract. Please note our terms of use.

We would like to point out that this free-of-charge offer is intended as assistance for scientists and was created with great care. However, we can not guarantee accuracy, correctness or up-to-dateness of the provided files (further information on the disclaimer of liability can be found in the imprint).

For further questions please contact: fdz@iwh-halle.de.

Publications

Kauffmann, A. (2015a): Wie lässt sich die Bevölkerungsentwicklung von Städten korrekt ermitteln? Eine Methode zur Bereinigung amtlicher Daten um die Effekte von Gebietsänderungen am Beispiel von Ostdeutschland. IWH-Online 5/2015: Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle. LINK

Kauffmann, A. (2015b): Bevölkerungsentwicklung seit 1990 und weitere demographische Indikatoren von 132 ostdeutschen Städten in konstanten Grenzen von 2013. Abbildungsanhang zu IWH-Online 5/2015: Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle. LINK

Kauffmann, A. (2017): Schlüsselbrücken und Matrizen zur statistischen Rückrechnung von Gebietsständen (Gebietsstands-Transformation) für Gemeinden und Kreise Deutschlands. LINK

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Publications

Housing Vacancies in East German Cities: A Problem not only for Housing Policy

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 2, 2001

Abstract

In numerous East German cities extreme imbalances in the housing market have developed with the consequence of extensive housing vacancies. Primarily inner city housing units constructed in the late 19th and early 20th century and housing units constructed within the period of the socialist regime are concerned. The causes for these imbalances can be found in decisions of socialist urban planning, in demographic factors, in oversized federal promotion of new housing construction after the German unification, and in income increases of private households. The commission “Structural Change in the Housing Economy of the New Länder“, installed by the federal government, has examined this problem and submitted preliminary political recommendations on the federal level in order to reduce the housing market imbalances. The commission recommends federal subsidies for tearing off vacant housing units within a period of ten years. A measure like this raises the question how the risk can be handled that too many flats are torn down. In addition, the commission recommends to double the subsidies for households acquiring already existing flats for own use and to halve the subsidies for households investing in newly built owner-occupied housing in East Germany. These incentives to acquire existing housing units might prove too weak because of the strong preferences of East German households to live in single-family houses. Measures on the federal level can support but cannot replace necessary concrete planning and solution strategies in the vacancy-plagued cities “in situ“.

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Soziale Ungleichheit und Stadtentwicklung in ostdeutschen Städten

Peter Franz

in: Stadt und soziale Ungleichheit, 2000

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What can a town achieve today? Integration, urban regimes, and the acceptance of models

Peter Franz

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 56, 1997

Abstract

Since 1990, the date of German reunification, urban development and especially the recovery of inner cities in East Germany has been delayed by several factors including real estate restitution claims, inflexible preservation codes for historic buildings, and the shortage of stores for retailers. This blockade situation has resulted in the quick and intensified development of shopping centres as „inner city substitutes“ on the urban periphery. The combined effect of the factors preventing revitalisation strategies and the newly realised and practised potential for autonomous action by the authorities of smaller municipalities was a severe restriction for the governing capacities of the authorities of the larger cities. in regaining their governance capability city governments are dependent on urban groups joining and supporting public developmental strategies. In accordance with Stone (1993) and Stoker and Mossberger (1994) urban groups active in urban development policy can be described as urban regimes. In Germany three types of regimes can be differentiated. The cities differ with respect to the political strength and the forms of coalition and conflict between different urban regimes. Specific conditions in East Germany have led to a special regime constellation with a powerful „conservation regime“ on the one hand and a vivid „globalisation regime“ on the other hand. This conflicting constellation results in a developmental blockade. The hypothesis is that a third regime type, the „local alliance“, is missing and still has to be created by practices such as city marketing and city management. Only when this regime building process has advanced will new constellations of political coalitions and compromise become possible and be able to reduce governance problems of city government in the long run.

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Problems with infrastructural renovation in East German big cities – The example of Halle (Saale)

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 10, 1996

Abstract

Der Erneuerungsprozess der Infrastruktur in Ostdeutschland wird zu einem erheblichen Teil von den Kommunen getragen. Befunde für die Stadt Halle (Saale) aus den Bereichen Abwasser, Trinkwasser und Gas zeigen, wie dieser Prozess vorangekommen ist und welcher weiterer Investitionsbedarf besteht. Dabei wirken die hoch belasteten kommunalen Straßennetze als Flaschenhals für die Erneuerung von Leitungssystemen und sind Ausgangspunkt sich beschleunigender Verschleißzyklen.

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Inner cities fall behind and "greenfield sites" develop dynamically – Consequences of trade establishments in East German urban regions

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 13, 1996

Abstract

Eine vergleichende Untersuchung von vier ostdeutschen Stadtregionen zeigt, dass sich der Handel seit 1990 massiv außerhalb der Innenstädte niedergelassen hat. Diese Ansiedlungsdynamik hat zu einer Abwertung innerstädtischer und zu einer Aufwertung peripherer Standorte geführt und die angestrebte revitalisierung der Innenstädte bisher stark behindert. Im Hinblick auf das Spanungsfeld von Innenstadt und Umland werden drei Pfade zukünftiger Stadtentwicklung unterschieden, deren Beeinflussung jeweils einen unterschiedlichen Einsatz und Zuschnitt politischer Maßnahmen erfordern.

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Emigration tendencies into the surrounding areas of East German cities: The examples of Halle and Leipzig

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 11, 1995

Abstract

In Ostdeutschland haben Suburbanisierungsprozesse eingesetzt, die auch in der Region Halle-Leipzig von einer wachsenden Dynamik gekennzeichnet sind. Bei weiter zunehmender Abwanderung ins Umland sind vermehrt Verkehrsprobleme, zunehmende soziale Segregation in den Großsiedlungen sowie politische Konflikte zwischen Kernstadt und Umlandgemeinden zu erwarten.

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"Wir leiden weiter, aber auf einem höheren Niveau." Befunde einer Panelstudie in einer thüringischen Mittelstadt

Peter Franz

in: Berliner Journal für Soziologie, 1994

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Stadtteilentwicklung von unten. Zur Dynamik und Beeinflußbarkeit ungeplanter Veränderungsprozesse auf Stadtteilebene

Peter Franz

1989

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