The Economic Record of the Government and Sovereign Bond and Stock Returns Around National Elections
Journal of Banking & Finance,
This paper investigates the role of the fiscal and economic record of the incumbent government in shaping the price response of sovereign bonds and stocks to the election outcome in emerging markets and developed countries. For sovereign bonds in emerging markets, we find robust evidence for higher cumulative abnormal returns (CARs) if a government associated with a relatively low primary fiscal balance is voted out of office compared to elections where the fiscal balance was relatively high. This effect of the incumbent government's fiscal record is significantly more pronounced in the presence of high sovereign default risk and strong political veto players, whereas the quality of institutions does not explain differences in effects for different events. We do not find robust effects of the government's fiscal record for developed countries and stocks.
Do Conventional Monetary Policy Instruments Matter in Unconventional Times?
Journal of Banking & Finance,
This paper investigates how declines in the deposit facility rate set by the ECB affect euro area banks’ incentives to hold reserves at the central bank. We find that, in the face of lower deposit rates, banks with a more interest-sensitive business model are more likely to reduce reserve holdings and allocate freed-up liquidity to loans. The result is driven by banks in the non-GIIPS countries of the euro area. This reveals that conventional monetary policy instruments have limited effects in restoring monetary policy transmission during times of crisis.
06.08.2020 • 15/2020
IWH Bankruptcy Update: Number of Employees Affected by Bankruptcy Continues to Rise in Germany
In July, more than three times as many jobs were impacted by corporate bankruptcies in Germany in comparison to the monthly averages from early 2020. The July figure was also significantly higher in relation to the previous month. By contrast, the number of bankruptcies fell slightly. These are the main findings of the most recent IWH Bankruptcy Update published by the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), which provides monthly reports on German bankruptcies.
Read press release
To Securitise or to Price Credit Default Risk?
IWH Discussion Papers,
We evaluate if lenders price or securitise mortgages to mitigate credit risk. Exploiting exogenous variation in regional credit risk created by differences in foreclosure law along US state borders, we find that financial institutions respond to the law in heterogeneous ways. In the agency market where Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs) provide implicit loan guarantees, lenders transfer credit risk using securitisation and do not price credit risk into mortgage contracts. In the non-agency market, where there is no such guarantee, lenders increase interest rates as they are unable to shift credit risk to loan purchasers. The results inform the debate about the design of loan guarantees, the common interest rate policy, and show that underpricing regional credit risk leads to an increase in the GSEs‘ debt holdings by $79.5 billion per annum, exposing taxpayers to preventable losses in the housing market.
IWH Bankruptcy Update: Bankruptcy Rates Remain Low in February Considerably faster than the official statistics, the IWH...
DPE Course Programme Archive
DPE Course Programme Archive 2020 2019 2018 2017 ...
IWH Alumni The IWH would like to stay in contact with its former employees. We...
IWH EXplore Competitive Funding for Research Projects with External Involvement at...