IWH-Tarif-Check: Kräftige Reale Netto-Tariflohnzuwächse für Beschäftigte im Öffentlichen Dienst im Jahr 2019: Lohnspreizung im Öffentlichen Dienst der Länder nimmt ab
Die Tariflöhne steigen im Öffentlichen Dienst der Länder rückwirkend zum 1. Januar 2019 um 3,01%, wobei die Beschäftigten mindestens 100 Euro monatlich mehr verdienen sollen. Ein Jahr später gibt es dann nochmals einen Zuwachs um 3,12% bzw. mindestens 90 Euro monatlich und 1,29% bzw. mindestens 50 Euro im Jahr 2021. Der Tarifvertrag läuft bis Ende September 2021. Die jährliche Sonderzahlung (Weihnachtsgeld) wird auf dem Niveau des Jahres 2018 eingefroren.
Industrial Relations: Worker Codetermination and Collective Wage Bargaining
Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik,
Trade unions and employers’ associations, collective bargaining, and employee representation at the workplace are the cornerstones of industrial relations systems in many developed countries. Germany stands out as a country with powerful works councils and a high coverage rate of collective bargaining agreements, supported by encompassing interest groups of employees and employers and by the state. The German case and the perceived stability of its industrial relations regime have attracted considerable attention among researchers and politicians, which also has to do with the country’s high productivity, comparably few strikes, and relatively minor employment problems. However, in recent years industrial relations in many countries including Germany have come under pressure and the fact that there is no obvious and clearly superior alternative to the current regime of industrial and labour relations may not be sufficient to guarantee the survival of the present system.
25.05.2018 • 12/2018
The resistance of employers against works councils
Germany votes. However, this time it’s not about the politicians – instead it’s about the works councils. It’s certainly worthwhile: Many studies have shown that works councils all in all have a positive impact on productivity, wages and profits. Despite this, employers are sometimes very resistant to the idea of staff involvement in company decision-making. A common argument is that such participation limits managerial freedom and that employers are willing to sacrifice the benefits of staff participation in return for greater room for manoeuvre. Steffen Müller from the Halle Institute for Economic Research Halle (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association now provides an alternative economic justification for employer resistance: Employer associations are dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises, and in these works councils – in contrast to large firms – often produce no positive economic benefits.
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Firm Wage Premia, Industrial Relations, and Rent Sharing in Germany
IWH Discussion Papers,
This paper investigates the influence of industrial relations on firm wage premia in Germany. OLS regressions for the firm effects from a two-way fixed effects decomposition of workers’ wages by Card, Heining, and Kline (2013) document that average premia are larger in firms bound by collective agreements and in firms with a works council, holding constant firm performance. RIF regressions show that premia are less dispersed among covered firms but more dispersed among firms with a works council. Hence, deunionisation is the only among the suspects investigated that contributes to explaining the marked rise in the premia dispersion over time.
24.06.2016 • 26/2016
UK’s “No” to EU will be costly for both sides
On Thursday 23rd, the British people have decided to leave the European Union (EU) Their vote not to remain in the European community was surprisingly clear. UK’s exit will have both political and economic consequences which are far-reaching for the country itself as well as the rest of Europe. “The reactions of the remaining member states are the crucial key now, especially France’s and Germany’s” says Reint E. Gropp, President of the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association.
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