On the Economic Architecture of the Workplace: Repercussions of Social Comparisons among Heterogeneous Workers
Journal of Labor Economics,
We analyze the impact on a firm’s profits and optimal wage rates, and on the distribution of workers’ earnings, when workers compare their earnings with those of co-workers. We consider a low-productivity worker who receives lower wage earnings than a high-productivity worker. When the low-productivity worker derives (dis)utility not only from his own effort but also from comparing his earnings with those of the high-productivity worker, his response to the sensing of relative deprivation is to increase the optimal level of effort. Consequently, the firm’s profits are higher, its wage rates remain unchanged, and the distribution of earnings is compressed.
Organization and Financing of Innovation, and the Choice between Corporate and Independent Venture Capital
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis,
This paper examines the impact of competition on the optimal organization and financing structures in innovation-intensive industries. We show that as an optimal response to competition, firms may choose external organization structures established in collaboration with specialized start-ups where they provide start-up financing from their own resources. As the intensity of the competition to innovate increases, firms move from internal to external organization of projects to increase the speed of product innovation and to obtain a competitive advantage with respect to rival firms in their industry. We also show that as the level of competition increases, firms provide a higher level of financing for externally organized projects in the form of corporate venture capital (CVC). Our results help explain the emergence of organization and financing arrangements such as CVC and strategic alliances, where large established firms organize their projects in collaboration with external specialized firms and provide financing for externally organized projects from their own internal resources.
Is the European Monetary Union an Endogenous Currency Area? The Example of the Labor Markets
IWH Discussion Papers,
Our study tries to find out whether wage dynamics between Euro member countries became more synchronized through the adoption of the common currency. We calculate bivarate correlation coefficients of wage and wage cost dynamics and run a model of endogenously induced changes of coefficients, which are explained by other variables being also endogenous: trade intensity, sectoral specialization, financial integration. We used a panel data structure to allow for cross-section weights for country-pair observations. We use instrumental variable regressions in order to disentangle exogenous from endogenous influences. We applied these techniques to real and nominal wage dynamics and to dynamics of unit labor costs. We found evidence for persistent asymmetries in nominal wage formation despite a single currency and monetary policy, responsible for diverging unit labor costs and for emerging trade imbalances among the EMU member countries.
The new social benefits scheme (Arbeitslosengeld II) and the Municipal Option Act
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
One of the most important reform measures of the German labor market relates to the harmonization of social welfare and unemployment assistence to the new ‘”Arbeitslosengeld-II”. In the context of these reform measures it is expected that local employment offices and local authorities should constitute working parties to facilitate the unemployed in finding new jobs. In the case that a local authority prefers to manage this job in its own responsibility she has the right to opt. The paper discusses possible advantages and disadvantages of this option.
Incentive effects of the corporate tax reform
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
Der Gesetzentwurf zur Reform der Unternehmensbesteuerung vom Februar des Jahres wird anhand einer mikroökonomischen Veranlagungssimulation für (westdeutsche) Personengesellschaften unterschiedlicher Größe analysiert. Der mikroökonomischen Untersuchung werden die erwarteten makroökonomischen Auswirkungen der Reform - ihre allokativen und distributiven Folgewirkungen - gegenübergestellt.