Energy Crisis: Inflation, Recession, Welfare Loss
Oliver Holtemöller, Stefan Kooths, Torsten Schmidt, Timo Wollmershäuser
The German economy is being hit hard by the crisis in the gas markets. Skyrocketing gas prices are drastically increasing energy costs accompanied by a massive withdrawal of purchasing power. This is pushing the German economy into a recession. At the same time, the institutes conclude that there will be no gas shortage in the coming winter under normal weather conditions. Nevertheless, the supply situation remains extremely tight. Against this background, economic output is likely to have already fallen slightly in the third quarter. In the winter half-year, a significant decline is expected due to the rising cost of energy, weakening consumer demand and the weakening global economy.
29.09.2022 • 24/2022
The East German economy expanded strongly in the first half of 2022, but falls into recession in the second half of the year ‒ Implications of the Joint Economic Forecast Autumn 2022 and of Länder data from recent publications of the Statistical Office
The energy crisis is pushing the German economy into recession. This also affects the economy in East Germany. According to the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), East German production will expand at a slightly stronger rate of 1.5% than in Germany as a whole. For the coming year, the decline in East Germany is expected to be less pronounced than in the west at 0.1% (Germany: ‒0.4%). For 2024, the economists forecast a growth of 1.7% (Germany: 1.9%).
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29.09.2022 • 23/2022
Joint Economic Forecast 2/2022: Energy crisis: inflation, recession, welfare loss
The crisis on the gas markets is having a severe impact on the German economy. Soaring gas prices are drastically increasing energy costs, leading to a massive reduction of the purchasing power. Despite a decline in the second half of the year, gross domestic product is expected to expand by 1.4% this year. For the coming year, the institutes expect a contraction by 0.4%, followed by an increase of 1.9% in 2024.
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08.09.2022 • 22/2022
Energy crisis in Germany
Dwindling gas supplies from Russia and soaring prices for gas and electricity are leading to massive real income losses and a recession in Europe and Germany. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that German gross domestic product (GDP) will increase by 1.1% in 2022 and decrease by 1.4% in 2023. Consumer prices are expected to rise by 7.9% in 2022 and 9.5% in 2023.
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Konjunktur aktuell: Energiekrise in Deutschland
Im Spätsommer 2022 ist die Weltwirtschaft im Abschwung. Die US-Notenbank und weitere Zentralbanken haben aufgrund der hohen Inflation mit der Straffung ihrer Geldpolitik begonnen, die chinesische Konjunktur schwächelt, und Europa kämpft mit einer Energiekrise. Die deutsche Wirtschaft steht aufgrund der stark steigenden Energiekosten vor einer Rezession. Das deutsche Bruttoinlandsprodukt wird im Jahr 2022 um 1,1% zunehmen und im Jahr 2023 um 1,4% sinken. Die Verbraucherpreise steigen im Jahr 2022 um 7,9% und im Jahr 2023 um 9,5%.
Productivity, Managers’ Social Connections and the Financial Crisis
Iftekhar Hasan, Stefano Manfredonia
Journal of Banking and Finance,
This paper investigates whether managers’ personal connections help corporate productivity to recover after a negative economic shock. Leveraging the heterogeneity in the severity of the financial crisis across different sectors, the paper reports that (i) the financial crisis had a negative effect on within-firm productivity, (ii) the effect was long-lasting and persistent, supporting a productivity-hysteresis hypothesis, and (iii) managers’ personal connections allowed corporations to recover from this productivity slowdown. Among the possible mechanisms, we show that connected managers operating in affected sectors foster productivity recovery through higher input cost efficiency and better access to the credit market, as well as more efficient use of labour and capital.
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