The Urban Wage Premium in Imperfect Labour Markets
The Journal of Human Resources,
Using administrative data for West Germany, this paper investigates whether part of the urban wage premium stems from greater competition in denser labor markets. We show that employers possess less wage-setting power in denser markets. We further document that an important part of the observed urban wage premia can be explained by greater competition in denser labor markets.
14.09.2021 • 23/2021
Production bottlenecks delay recovery
The German recovery made good progress over the summer 2021. However, bottlenecks in sea transport and the production of intermediate goods are weighing on world trade. The rise in raw material prices has prompted inflation rates to spike, and an increase in new infections is clouding the outlook again. A weak final quarter is therefore to be expected. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that German gross domestic product (GDP) will increase by 2.2% in 2021 and 3.6% in 2022 (East Germany: 1.8% and 2.8%).
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15.04.2021 • 12/2021
Economy in East Germany shrank less than in the West, but will have weaker momentum when pandemic disappears – Implications of the Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2021 and new data for East Germany
At 3%, the increase in gross domestic product in eastern Germany in 2021 is likely to be lower than in Germany as a whole (3.7%), as the slump due to the pandemic was smaller in 2020. In the course of the economic recovery in the second half of the year, the unemployment rate is expected to fall slightly.
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Decentralisation of Collective Bargaining: A Path to Productivity?
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers,
Productivity developments have been rather divergent across EU countries and particularly between Central Eastern Europe (CEE) and elsewhere in the continent (non-CEE). How is such phenomenon related to wage bargaining institutions? Starting from the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) shock, we analyse whether the specific set-up of wage bargaining prevailing in non-CEE may have helped their respective firms to sustain productivity in the aftermath of the crisis. To tackle the issue, we merge the CompNet dataset – of firm-level based productivity indicators – with the Wage Dynamics Network (WDN) survey on wage bargaining institutions. We show that there is a substantial difference in the institutional set-up between the two above groups of countries. First, in CEE countries the bulk of the wage bargaining (some 60%) takes place outside collective bargaining schemes. Second, when a collective bargaining system is adopted in CEE countries, it is prevalently in the form of firm-level bargaining (i. e. the strongest form of decentralisation), while in non-CEE countries is mostly subject to multi-level bargaining (i. e. an intermediate regime, only moderately decentralised). On productivity impacts, we show that firms’ TFP in the non-CEE region appears to have benefitted from the chosen form of decentralisation, while no such effects are detectable in CEE countries. On the channels of transmission, we show that decentralisation in non-CEE countries is also negatively correlated with dismissals and with unit labour costs, suggesting that such collective bargaining structure may have helped to better match workers with firms’ needs.
IWH-Tarif-Check: Kräftige reale Netto-Tariflohnzuwächse für Beschäftigte im Öffentlichen Dienst
Steuerfreie „Corona-Sonderzahlung“ und Abbau des Solidaritätszuschlags bringen Beschäftigten bei Bund und Kommunen kräftiges Gehalts-Plus.
Die Tarifvertragsparteien des Öffentlichen Dienstes von Bund und Kommunen haben sich auf einen neuen Tariflohnabschluss mit einer Laufzeit bis Ende 2022 geeinigt: Im Dezember 2020 gibt es eine steuerfreie „Corona-Sonderzahlung“, die je nach Entgeltgruppe bis zu 600 Euro beträgt. Ab April 2021 steigt dann das Gehalt um 1,4%, jedoch mindestens um 50 Euro je Monat, ein Jahr später um weitere 1,8%. Zudem gibt es noch eine Reihe von Zusatzvereinbarungen wie beispielsweise die Reduzierung der wöchentlichen Arbeitszeit in Ostdeutschland auf das Westniveau, die Erhöhung der Jahressonder-zahlung oder die Einführung einer Pflegezulage.
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