Identifying Rent-sharing Using Firms‘ Energy Input Mix
IWH Discussion Papers,
We present causal evidence on the rent-sharing elasticity of German manufacturing firms. We develop a new firm-level Bartik instrument for firm rents that combines the firms‘ predetermined energy input mix with national energy carrier price changes. Reduced-form evidence shows that higher energy prices depress wages. Instrumental variable estimation yields a rent-sharing elasticity of approximately 0.20. Rent-sharing induced by energy price variation is asymmetric and driven by energy price increases, implying that workers do not benefit from energy price reductions but are harmed by price increases. The rent-sharing elasticity is substantially larger in small (0.26) than in large (0.17) firms.
The Urban Wage Premium in Imperfect Labour Markets
Journal of Human Resources,
Using administrative data for West Germany, this paper investigates whether part of the urban wage premium stems from greater competition in denser labor markets. We show that employers possess less wage-setting power in denser markets. We further document that an important part of the observed urban wage premia can be explained by greater competition in denser labor markets.
14.12.2021 • 29/2021
German economy not yet immune to COVID 19 ‒ outlook clouded again
The current pandemic wave and supply bottlenecks cause the German economy to stagnate in winter. When infection rates go down in spring, private consumption will increase significantly. In addition, supply restrictions will be gradually reduced. As a result, the economy will regain momentum. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that German gross domestic product will increase by 3.5% (East Germany: 2.7%) in 2022, after 2.7% (East Germany: 2.1%) in the current year. Inflation is expected to decline only slowly.
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Kommentar: Der rosa Rentenelefant
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
Das Sondierungspapier von SPD, Grünen und FDP ist in einigen Punkten überraschend konkret. Zwölf Euro Mindestlohn, keine Steuererhöhungen, die Schuldenbremse bleibt, ein Bürgergeld, Bürokratieabbau, eine Solardachpflicht. Abgesehen davon, dass unklar bleibt, wie ohne Steuererhöhungen und mit Schuldenbremse die Ausgaben finanziert werden sollen, ist das Papier allerdings in einem entscheidenden Punkt erstaunlich vage: Wie sollen die Renten vor dem Hintergrund des demographischen Wandels finanziert werden?
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