Arbeitskosteneffekte des Vorleistungsbezugs der Industrie an Dienstleistungen in Deutschland im Vergleich mit Frankreich und den Niederlanden – Eine Untersuchung mit der Input-Output-Methode. Gutachten im Auftrag des Instituts für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK)
As part of the outsourcing, industrial enterprises receive services in the production of their products which they used to provide on their own. As a result of the wage differentials between industry and service sector there is a shift in the burden labour costs have on industrial products. The study addresses the question of how significant this effect is. For this purpose the open static input-output model is used to analyse the degree of integration of the industry with its suppliers, the employment intensity of production and the labour cost differentials between the areas of production in Germany and in comparison with France and the Netherlands. The result of the labour cost analysis of industrial production shows - from a macroeconomic point of view - that the industry products have a smaller burden due to labour costs in Germany, France and the Netherlands, than the sectoral levels in the industry indicate. The difference in Germany is quantitative particularly strong pronounced. This saving in wage costs has increased somewhat after 2000. Crucial is that this discharge effect is achieved on the immediate wholesale inputs, that means in the first integration stage of industrial production.