Business Incubators in Eastern Germany: Positive Interim Results
Business incubators (BIs) are local technology and innovation policy measures that have attracted a great deal of attention by cities and municipalities in Eastern Germany. The enthusiasm of local-policy makers has led to a current number of nearly 130 incubator organizations in Eastern Germany. The article is based on a wider research project that focuses on the evaluation of the effectiveness of five BIs in Eastern Germany. In this article, three key issues of BI-effectiveness are concerned: the incubation time of client and graduate companies, the technological competence of supported firms and the share of newly founded firms in the BIs. Empirical results are positive concerning the indicators incubation time and the share of start-ups in the BIs. Deficiencies of the five BIs are found regarding the technological competence of the supported firms. The article concludes with a short outlook on future research questions.