Changing patterns of employment
In Germany, the typical pattern of employment is still an employee with open-ended full time contract (standard employment relationship). Nearly three out of four employed persons work in that type of employment. However, during the last years, a number of other employment models expanded in the labour market: part-time, temporary, short-term and marginal workers. Main reasons for that development are the effects of globalization, the structural change in modern economies (the increasing importance of the services sector), and changing preferences on the part of employees to achieve a better work-life-balance. The article deals with the rise of atypical employment relationships. We find that atypical work is a domain of female and young people. During the last years, atypical employment relationship in West and East Germany increased similarly due to globalization. Differences in employment patterns between East and West could be linked to employment behaviour and structural determinants.