cover_finance-research-letters.png

Commitment or Constraint? The Effect of Loan Covenants on Merger and Acquisition Activity

We investigate how loan covenants associated with potential target firms affect takeover deals. We propose two possible channels. Under a discipline channel, the target firm becomes an attractive candidate for takeovers and merger deals are facilitated. Under a constraint channel, covenants hinder merger activity. We find support for the latter channel. Takeover likelihood is lower, deal failures are more common, the likelihood of price renegotiation is higher, and acquisition premium is lower when the target is bound by covenants. Covenant tightness exacerbates this effect.

01. June 2022

Authors Gene Ambrocio Gonul Colak Iftekhar Hasan

Whom to contact

For Researchers

Professor Iftekhar Hasan, PhD
Professor Iftekhar Hasan, PhD
Economist

If you have any further questions please contact me.

Request per E-Mail

For Journalists

Mitglied der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft LogoTotal-Equality-LogoWeltoffen Logo