FDI and the National Innovation System - Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe

The paper investigates strategic motives, technological activities and determinants of foreign investment enterprises’ embeddedness in post-transition economies (Eastern Germany and selected Central East European countries). The empirical study makes use of the IWH FDI micro database. Results of the descriptive analysis of investment motives show that market access dominates over efficiency seeking and other motives. The majority of investors are technologically active in the region as a whole, but countries differ in terms of performance. The probit model estimations show that firm specific characteristics, among them innovativeness and autonomy from parent company, are important determinants of foreign investment enterprises’ embeddedness.

01. July 2010

Authors Jutta Günther Björn Jindra Johannes Stephan

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Mutual Perception of Science and Industry in Innovation Networks – Evidence from East Germany

Jutta Günther Cornelia Lang

in: D. Dyker (ed.), Network Dynamics in Emerging Regions of Europe, Imperial College Press, 2010

Abstract

The paper examines how science and industry perceive each other. Cooperation in the field of innovation and research and development has increased in recent years. But comprehensive empirical research on the mutual perception of science and industry is lacking so far. The article presents the results of explorative research based on a number of qualitative interviews with representatives from science and industry on that topic. The interviews were carried out in the Central German Region which is a centre of manufacturing industry especially of chemicals. So the two selected industries are chemical industry (high-tech based) and food processing (low-tech based). The paper provides remarks on the German innovation system. The empirical section summarizes the interview reports. We found only little evidence of conflict of interests between market-oriented industry and science organisations. Cooperation exists and works. The key issue is trust.

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Still Divided by Transformation? Characteristic Features of the German Innovation System and the Barriers to Extending it to East Germany

Peter Franz

in: D. Dyker (ed.), Network Dynamics in Emerging Regions of Europe, Imperial College Press, 2010

Abstract

This paper concentrates on various factors preventing the establishment of an efficient regional innovation system in East Germany. For this purpose in the third section the strengths and weaknesses of the all German innovation system are elaborated by means of patent statistics. The fourth section describes the evolution of the East German innovation system after 1990, lists the most important supportive political measures, and discusses several reasons for deficits in innovative performance. The fifth section concludes and presents suggestions for political intervention.

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