Germany’s Production of Export Goods: Human Capital Content Slightly Exceeds that of Imports
In the decade before the present, world financial crisis exports out of Germany expanded enormously. This was caused by the growing world demand as well as the internationalization of the national production processes and favoured by the improving price competitiveness. At the same time, against the background of the tertiarisation of the economy, the qualification of employees has increased considerably. In our study, we investigate the changes of labour quality in the production of export goods using the standard open input-output model. Hereby, labour input is measured in terms of different formal qualification levels of the employees. The results are compared with the labour input for imported goods. We find out that the input of high qualified labour per unit of produced export goods exceeds only marginally the comparable input value of the imports. It should be mentioned that the comparison is strongly influenced by the assumption of identical production functions for both Germany and its trading partners.