cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

International Financial Integration and Stability: On the Causes of the International Banking Crisis 2007/08 and Some Preliminary Lessons.

Since its beginning, the recent financial market turmoil that has come to be known as the „subprime crisis“ has provoked considerable controversy among both, policymakers and scientists. The debate mainly focuses on two questions. The first is whether and how short-term measures should be taken to stabilize the global financial system. The second is which general lessons can be drawn from this crisis. Up to now, several potential causes of the crisis have been discussed in a more or less isolated manner. However, a predominant source of the crisis has not been identified yet. Accordingly, there is still a lack of knowledge regarding general consequences of the crisis for economic policy. The purpose of this article is twofold. First, we show that to a large extent the crisis is due to the economic integration of formerly peripheral countries into the world economy that led to significant savings and investment imbalances. Thus, we argue that the crisis not only is a global phenomenon in its effects but also has global roots. Based on this argument, the second purpose of our paper is to derive implications for economic policy, where we also discuss the consequences for the future design of the global financial architecture.

28. May 2008

Authors Diemo Dietrich Achim Hauck

Also in this issue

cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

Aktuelle Trends: IWH-Konjunkturbarometer Ostdeutschland: Nach Stagnation: Wachstum zum Jahresanfang

Udo Ludwig Franziska Exß

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 5, 2008

Abstract

Im Jahr 2007 hat sich das Bruttoinlandsprodukt in den Neuen Bundesländern das dritte Jahr in Folge mit 2,2% langsamer als in den Alten (2,5%) erhöht. Mit Ausnahme des ersten Quartals verlief die Entwicklung außerordentlich flach. Der konjunkturelle Aufschwung kam vorübergehend zum Erliegen. Auch in das neue Jahr ist die ostdeutsche Wirtschaft gut gestartet. Nach der ersten Berechnung des IWH stieg das Bruttoinlandsprodukt in den ersten drei Monaten gegenüber dem vorangegangenen Quartal um 0,8% (Deutschland: 1,5%), allerdings deutet sich für das zweite Quartal bereits wieder eine Abschwächung an.

read publication

cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

Editorial

Ulrich Blum

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 5, 2008

Abstract

Die konstituierenden Prinzipien von Walter Eucken, einem Vater der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft, zählen zum Kern der aus volkswirtschaftlicher Sicht moralstiftenden Regeln. Sie sind notwendige Voraussetzungen einer funktionsfähigen Wettbewerbsordnung. Zwei „Sündenfälle“ aus jüngster Zeit stoßen Ordnungsökonomen besonders auf: Bankenkrise und Erbschaftsteuerreform.

read publication

cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

Export Promotion Needs the Disclosure of Industrial Potentials – A Case Study for the Federal State of Thuringia

Udo Ludwig Brigitte Loose Cornelia Lang

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 5, 2008

Abstract

In countries and regions with weak domestic markets, the orientation towards external markets plays an important rule. This applies even more for economies emerging from the transformation process from a state to a market economy with a small export sector and a continuous decline in the number of residents. The federal state Thuringia presents such an example. There is still a large gap in exports compared to Germany as a whole. The paper deals with the role of exports in economic development and economic measures to increase the export activities of small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) in Thuringia. The study is based on a survey among SMEs in Thuringia on the performance of exporters and non-exporters. One of the main findings shows that export promotion was important only for one among three exporting companies during the last three years. That speaks for the confidence of the firms in their own power. The most measures used to implement or advance export activities are participation in a fair, information sessions on foreign markets and two general instruments to support companies: investment and innovation stimulation. As a result, economic measures make sense, but it should not depend on the age or the size of a company. Besides, the support should not only be given by department of foreign trade, but also by other departments. Finally, especially newcomers should be supported to entry foreign markets.

read publication

cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

IWH-Bauumfrage im April 2008: Frühjahr beginnt mit Rückschlag

Brigitte Loose

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 5, 2008

Abstract

Die gute Stimmung im ostdeutschen Baugewerbe zu Jahresbeginn hat sich laut Umfrage unter knapp 300 Bauunternehmen im April nicht fortgesetzt. Da sich die witterungsbedingten Behinderungen der Bautätigkeit im ersten Quartal in Grenzen hielten und Aufträge aus den Folgemonaten vorgezogen wurden, fiel die sonst übliche Frühjahrsbelebung bei der aktuellen Lage nur gering aus. Bei den Aussichten blieb sie sogar gänzlich aus. Auch gegenüber dem Vorjahr schätzten die Bauunternehmen sowohl die aktuelle Geschäftslage als auch die Geschäftsaussichten bis zum Spätsommer deutlich schlechter ein.

read publication

cover_wiwa_2008-05.jpg

Economic Upswing and Vitalization of the Labor Market – Who Gains From the Upswing?

Herbert S. Buscher

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 5, 2008

Abstract

The current situation with respect to the economic development in Germany may be characterized as somewhat suppressed as opposed to euphoric. And this statement holds although the German economy is in an upswing phase since 2005, and the GDP growth rates clearly exceed 2% per annum. The main driving forces of this upswing are mainly from the German exports as well as the domestic investment decisions. Rather underdeveloped compared with the exports and the investment is private consumption. This development is accompanied by positive signals from the German labor market. Declining unemployment figures, increasing regular employment and a smaller number of people in active labor market policy measures are the accompanying positive signals from the labor market. But this in general positive development has not yet reached widespread groups of employees in the sense that their real income has also risen and they thus can dispose of a higher amount of purchasing power. This time lag in the different developments between employment and income may lead to a situation that perceived and actual developments may differ and that actually, there might be a gap between the two. The paper discusses what could be meant with „perceived” development and reaches to the conclusion that actual and perceived developments are not so far away from each other than one might have expected.

read publication

Whom to contact

For Researchers

For Journalists

Mitglied der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft LogoTotal-Equality-LogoWeltoffen Logo