Measuring Regionalized Knowledge Generation and Transfer – A Feasibility Study Using a Multi-layer Approach in the Free State of Saxony
Economic literature regards knowledge creation and learning as critical elements for gaining competitive advantage of regions. However, recognizing the importance of innovation and knowledge creation to economic success is far from being novel. Original is the view of increasing importance of knowledge creation for speeding up the depreciation of existing knowledge stocks. This puts a high pressure on regional actors to constantly participate in innovation processes to maintain their competitive advantages. Against this background, regional actors – if they aim to be successful in the globalized economy – first require access to a comprehensive and diversified knowledge base. Second, they need to participate in the processes of knowledge generation and knowledge transfer. Thereby, systemic innovation theory has pronounced the view that the locus of innovation and knowledge creation resides not only within the boundaries of the regional actors, such as private firms, universities, research laboratories, suppliers, and customers, but is the result of an interdependent exchange process between these different types. Collaborative interactions, bringing together different types of actors, may therefore lie well at the heart of accelerated knowledge creation and learning at the regional level (Lundvall and Johnson 1994).