Promotion of investment in East Germany - Results of an empirical study of effectiveness
In Germany considerable amounts of public funds are being spent on business development programs. In order to do so economic reasoning is needed. In particular the programs for supporting investment lack microeconometric empirical evaluation. To close this gap the special program „Gemeinschaftsaufgabe zur Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur“ (GA) is exemplarily analyzed. This program is intended to strengthen the capital stock of the East German economy, so firms of the East German manufacturing industries will be studied. A comparison of the two fundamental methods for microeconometric evaluation shall demonstrate the general problems in analyzing the effectiveness of development programs. The matching estimator provides more stable results then a sample selectivity model. The results suggest that the GA generates considerable extra investment activities.