The Exchange Rate of the Euro Cannot be Explained Fundamentally even Ten Years after the Introduction of the New Currency
On first of January 2009, the Euro’s tenth birthday can be celebrated. The introduction of the Euro led to diminishing importance of trade in foreign currency for the Euro-countries. However, a significant part of foreign trade of Germany and other Euro-members is still nominated in foreign currency. Therefore, the external value of the Euro plays a crucial role for the European economy. Since the early depreciation of the exchange rate just after the introduction until 2000, an almost steady increase in the external value of the Euro could be observed. The contribution elaborates on the exchange rate development and tests whether the Euro was following a path as it would be predicted by both, the interest rate parity theory and the purchasing parity theory. Both theoretical approaches are not able to explain the specific valuation figure of the Euro. For the conduct of economic forecasts, it is to conclude that modelling exchange rate developments as random processes can be legitimate. Regarding exchange rate policy, it remains to ask which alternative policy approaches might be better suitable for the European economy.