Transport Costs and Urban Systems

The average costs of transporting goods in a national economy are one of thefactors that significantly contribute towards the shaping of the urban system. This paper pursues the question of what effect changes in transport costs (this can include a reduction as well as an increase) can have on the urban system. Various models based on the fundamental assumptions of New Economic Geography are applied The specific assumptions of these models are compared with one another and their results contrasted It is demonstrated that the modelling results, which in some cases are based upon very restrictive assumptions, appear to contradict one another in terms oftheirfindings, or, alternatively, that thefindings of these models should only be interpreted with regard to the specific questions that each pose. These include suburbanisation tendencies, the opening up of peripheral regions, and the concentration of company headquarters.

05. February 2013

Authors Albrecht Kauffmann

Also in this issue

Local economic development between system transformation and locational competition- the example of the city of Leipzig

Martin T. W. Rosenfeld S. Kohler

in: Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL, Bd. 238, 2012

Abstract

The example of Leipzig is used to investigate the effects ofstructural changes and increasin¬gly intense locational competition. Leipzig is particularly interesting because the city was traditionally a location for knowledge and trade, factors and/or activities that are being assigned particular significance under present day conditions of locational competition. Leipzig is currently well equipped with important potential factors. However, in terms of economic results the city has not yet been able to regain the position it occupied before the Second World War. In this context the consequences of the command economy and system transformation have played just as important a role as the changes in locational competition. The influence of these changes in Leipzig is made particularly clear by, among otherthings, L. the way in which the city - in common with other cities too - applies “modern“ economic policy strategies (cluster promotion, amenity strategy, metropolitan region strategy).

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