Transformation tables for administrative borders in Germany

The state has the ability to change the original spatial structure of its administrative regions. The stated goal of such a (municipal) territorial reform is usually an improvement in the performance of individual municipalities regarding planning, administrative and political matters. Since the German reunification in 1990, there have been a number of territorial reforms, especially in the New Federal States (Neue Bundesländer), through which municipalities and districts were merged or split up.

The tables provided here are meant to help users by facilitating work with longitudinal German regional data covering such territorial reforms and hence different territorial states.

A brief overview of the contents and structure of the available tables can be found here.

Access to the files

The IWH provides external researchers with these tables for statistical recalculation of districts and municipalities and the creation of temporally consistent territorial states for non-commercial research purposes only. The data is provided as downloadable Excel files. Access is granted upon application.

Please complete the application form with your personal data and a detailed research proposal, which documents your research interest. Based on this information we will conclude a user contract. Please note our terms of use.

We would like to point out that this free-of-charge offer is intended as assistance for scientists and was created with great care. However, we can not guarantee accuracy, correctness or up-to-dateness of the provided files (further information on the disclaimer of liability can be found in the imprint).

For further questions please contact: fdz@iwh-halle.de.

Publications

Kauffmann, A. (2015a): Wie lässt sich die Bevölkerungsentwicklung von Städten korrekt ermitteln? Eine Methode zur Bereinigung amtlicher Daten um die Effekte von Gebietsänderungen am Beispiel von Ostdeutschland. IWH-Online 5/2015: Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle. LINK

Kauffmann, A. (2015b): Bevölkerungsentwicklung seit 1990 und weitere demographische Indikatoren von 132 ostdeutschen Städten in konstanten Grenzen von 2013. Abbildungsanhang zu IWH-Online 5/2015: Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle. LINK

Kauffmann, A. (2017): Schlüsselbrücken und Matrizen zur statistischen Rückrechnung von Gebietsständen (Gebietsstands-Transformation) für Gemeinden und Kreise Deutschlands. LINK

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Publications

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Urban Development by Protecting Historic Buildings? An Analysis of Incentives and Regulations in Heritage Conservation

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 6, 2010

Abstract

Regulations in heritage conservation play an important role in the redevelopment processes of East German cities. Numerous cities dispose of built cultural heritage still lending the cityscapes its character. As a reaction to the neglect of this cultural heritage during the GDR regime the East German Länder have enacted relatively restrictive heritage conservation laws. In addition to this the federal program “Städtebaulicher Denkmalschutz” was started in 1991 especially for the East German cities. In many cities activities for and investment in historic buildings have led to attractive urban centers. On the other side indicators become visible that an exaggerated heritage protection policy can turn out to be an obstacle for urban development. This paper takes an economic perspective on the topic of built heritage protection. In addition to this it contains a systematic overview over the policy arena, involving national and sub-national levels, actors and regulations. The financing of built heritage protection and recognizable intended and not intended effects of its measures are further topics of the paper. The results show that in East Germany a higher proportion of buildings is listed as in West Germany. The same is true when the public expenditures per head for heritage protection are compared. The analysis suffers from difficulties in assessing an optimal state of built heritage protection; a fact that signals further need in specific research.

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Die ostdeutschen Städte und speziell Leipzig im deutschen Städtesystem

Peter Franz

in: Stadt Leipzig (Hrsg.), 2010

Abstract

In the pre-World-War-II era many East German cities held prominent positions within the national German system of cities. 20 years after the German unification we can strike an interim balance concerning these cities’ process of repositioning. For this purpose the 13 largest East German cities – including Leipzig, but without Berlin - are compared with cities of similar size in three West German regions (South, North, Center represented by North-Rhine/Westphalia). The indicators chosen rely to the cities’ economic and fiscal conditions. The indicators paint a differentiated picture: The average income per capita is in the East German cities still lower as in the West German cities; and the unemployment rates are still above the West German level. With respect to future growth potential the East German cities show a relatively good endowment with public universities and research institutions. In spite of the diverse depicted economic problems still to be solved the East German cities over the years have shown impressive endurance in catching-up.

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How to Make a City Attractive for Knowledge-Intensive Firms? – The Formation and Stagnation of Media Industry in the Old Industrial Region of Halle (Germany)

Christoph Hornych Martin T. W. Rosenfeld

in: The Regeneration of Image in Old Industrial Regions: Agents of Change and Changing Agents. Mönchengladbacher Schriften zur wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Praxis, Bd. 22, 2009

Abstract

In many regions with development problems, which had – in the past – been the domain of traditional industries, policymakers are trying today to stimulate entrepreneurial activities in knowledge-intensive and creative industries. The question is whether this strategy could really be successful. This paper reports on a case-study for the region of Halle an der Saale, which is located in the state of Saxony-Anhalt (East Germany), where the strategy of policymakers has recently been the attempt to support firms from Media Industry (“MI”).

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Knowledge City Berlin? Potenziale und Risiken einer Stadtentwicklungsstrategie mit dem Fokus Wissenschaft

Peter Franz

in: Das Wissen der Städte. Neue stadtregionale Wissensdynamiken im Kontext von Wissen, Milieus und Governance, 2009

Abstract

In this chapter the author applies his own „knowledge city“ approach (Franz 2007) to the German capital city of Berlin. After examining the quality profile of the universities located at Berlin the author analyses diverse strategic steps in support of a sharpened scientific profile having already been put into action by managers being responsible for science policy in Berlin.

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Is There a Way for Old Industrial Districts to Become Attractive for Cultural Industry? The Case of Media Businesses in Halle (Saale), Germany

Martin T. W. Rosenfeld Christoph Hornych

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 15, 2008

Abstract

manufacturing have collapsed are trying to stimulate entrepreneurial activities of businesses in the cultural industry. The question is whether this strategy could be successful. This article examines the strategy of supporting the sector of Media Industry (´MI´) by policy makers in the region of Halle in East Germany, where a strong de-industrialization has taken place after the German reunification. Stimulated by the policy makers’ support measures, there actually was a remarkable development of MI. However, the number of MI firms and their employees did not further increase in recent years, after having reached a certain level. This illustrates the limits of political measures for turning a city’s path of industrial development voluntarily.

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Muster der Einwohnerschrumpfung in bundesdeutschen Städten zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts

Peter Franz

in: Schrumpfende Städte. Ein Phänomen zwischen Antike und Moderne (Institut für vergleichende Städtegeschichte, Reihe Städteforschung, Bd. 76), 2008

Abstract

The article analyzes the trends of shrinking and growing population in the German cities since 1990. After presenting diverse data on the level of the cities and the city regions, the small scale population change within cities is exemplified by the case of the city of Halle in Saxony-Anhalt. Several models and theories are checked if they can explain the phenomenon of shrinking cities. The article closes with a preliminary resume.

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From University Town to Knowledge City: Strategies and Regulatory Hurdles in Germany

Peter Franz

in: Knowledge-Based Urban Development: Planning and Applications in the Information Era, 2008

Abstract

The trend of cities, serving as a location for universities and research institutes, to take into consideration new strategies utilizing this location factor for growth-oriented urban development can also be observed in Germany. An overview of the quantitative preconditions shows that many German cities dispose of favorite preconditions for such a knowledge city strategy. An analysis of the policy arena comes to the result that the political actors are confronted with the task of a complex multi-level-policy where networking skills become essential. A comparison with the policy conditions in the U.S. makes it quite clear that especially the German universities have the status of semi-autonomous actors complicating negotiating and coordinating activities between city and science representatives. First examples of deregulation show that these hurdles can be overcome in the future.

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Transport Costs and the Size of Cities: The Case of Russia

Albrecht Kauffmann

in: Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät, Universität Potsdam, Nr. 93, No. 93, 2007

Abstract

Real costs of freight transportation have strong increased in Russia particularly during the period of price liberalization 1992–93. This paper investigates possible connections between rising transport costs and the evolution of the size structure of the system of cities in the Russian Federation and its federal subjects. Empirical findings suggest that under conditions of a closed system agglomeration processes according to the predictions of the model of Tabuchi et al. (2005) would have taken place especially in the periphere regions of the North and Far East.

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Developing Collaborative Advantage: Preconditions and Restrictions for ‘Knowledge City’ Strategies in East Germany

Peter Franz

in: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions. Papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium 2007, 2007

Abstract

The trend of cities, serving as a location for universities and research institutes, to take into consideration new strategies utilizing this location factor for growth-oriented urban development can also be observed in Germany. An overview of the quantitative preconditions shows that many German cities dispose of favorite preconditions for such a knowledge city strategy. An analysis of the policy arena comes to the result that the political actors are confronted with the task of a complex multi-level-policy where networking skills become essential. A comparison with the policy conditions in the U.S. makes it quite clear that especially the German universities have the status of semi-autonomous actors complicating negotiating and coordinating activities between city and science representatives. First examples of deregulation show that these hurdles can be overcome in the future.

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Führt die Umsetzung des Programms „Stadtumbau Ost“ zur Herausbildung urbaner Regime in ostdeutschen Städten?

Peter Franz

in: One-off Publications, No. 5, 2007

Abstract

Many East German cities are suffering from housing vacancies and depopulation. The federal state has launched a subsidy program “Stadtumbau Ost” (City Reconstruction East) to fight the problems caused by these conditions. Cities getting funds from this subsidy program have installed committees and expert circles for making decisions where in the city to remove housing units. The institutionalisation of these decisional structures besides the established local political system is the starting point of the author to examine if these structures already are qualifying as “urban regimes” an approach primarily developed by US-American political scientists.

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