Transformation tables for administrative borders in Germany – data

In order to demonstrate what kind of information the available tables contain and how they are structured, the Research Data Centre of the IWH provides selected excerpts as freely available PDF files below. Please note that the files provided upon application are in Excel format.

These files show how the territorial states of districts and municipalities of Saxony-Anhalt in 1990 can be allocated to administrative entities in 2015. The tables detail whether a specific entity (district or municipality) was merged with another entity, split up and (partly) allocated to other entities or stayed the same. The column “Anteil_Prozent” states how much of the population was allocated to (or from) the entity in the same line.

In addition the these files covering administrative changes over the whole available period (1990-2015), the RDC-IWH also provides data on shorter intervals during this time, as well as files covering year-to-year changes. These tables isolate the changes due to individual territorial reforms, such as the “Kreisreform Sachsen-Anhalt 2007”, a territorial reform that reduced the number of administrative districts in Saxony-Anhalt from 21 to 11 in 2007. Example files covering this reform are provided below.

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Publications

Die ostdeutschen Städte und speziell Leipzig im deutschen Städtesystem

Peter Franz

in: Stadt Leipzig (Hrsg.), 2010

Abstract

In the pre-World-War-II era many East German cities held prominent positions within the national German system of cities. 20 years after the German unification we can strike an interim balance concerning these cities’ process of repositioning. For this purpose the 13 largest East German cities – including Leipzig, but without Berlin - are compared with cities of similar size in three West German regions (South, North, Center represented by North-Rhine/Westphalia). The indicators chosen rely to the cities’ economic and fiscal conditions. The indicators paint a differentiated picture: The average income per capita is in the East German cities still lower as in the West German cities; and the unemployment rates are still above the West German level. With respect to future growth potential the East German cities show a relatively good endowment with public universities and research institutions. In spite of the diverse depicted economic problems still to be solved the East German cities over the years have shown impressive endurance in catching-up.

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How to Make a City Attractive for Knowledge-Intensive Firms? – The Formation and Stagnation of Media Industry in the Old Industrial Region of Halle (Germany)

Christoph Hornych Martin T. W. Rosenfeld

in: The Regeneration of Image in Old Industrial Regions: Agents of Change and Changing Agents. Mönchengladbacher Schriften zur wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Praxis, Bd. 22, 2009

Abstract

In many regions with development problems, which had – in the past – been the domain of traditional industries, policymakers are trying today to stimulate entrepreneurial activities in knowledge-intensive and creative industries. The question is whether this strategy could really be successful. This paper reports on a case-study for the region of Halle an der Saale, which is located in the state of Saxony-Anhalt (East Germany), where the strategy of policymakers has recently been the attempt to support firms from Media Industry (“MI”).

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Knowledge City Berlin? Potenziale und Risiken einer Stadtentwicklungsstrategie mit dem Fokus Wissenschaft

Peter Franz

in: Das Wissen der Städte. Neue stadtregionale Wissensdynamiken im Kontext von Wissen, Milieus und Governance, 2009

Abstract

In this chapter the author applies his own „knowledge city“ approach (Franz 2007) to the German capital city of Berlin. After examining the quality profile of the universities located at Berlin the author analyses diverse strategic steps in support of a sharpened scientific profile having already been put into action by managers being responsible for science policy in Berlin.

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Is There a Way for Old Industrial Districts to Become Attractive for Cultural Industry? The Case of Media Businesses in Halle (Saale), Germany

Martin T. W. Rosenfeld Christoph Hornych

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 15, 2008

Abstract

manufacturing have collapsed are trying to stimulate entrepreneurial activities of businesses in the cultural industry. The question is whether this strategy could be successful. This article examines the strategy of supporting the sector of Media Industry (´MI´) by policy makers in the region of Halle in East Germany, where a strong de-industrialization has taken place after the German reunification. Stimulated by the policy makers’ support measures, there actually was a remarkable development of MI. However, the number of MI firms and their employees did not further increase in recent years, after having reached a certain level. This illustrates the limits of political measures for turning a city’s path of industrial development voluntarily.

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Muster der Einwohnerschrumpfung in bundesdeutschen Städten zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts

Peter Franz

in: Schrumpfende Städte. Ein Phänomen zwischen Antike und Moderne (Institut für vergleichende Städtegeschichte, Reihe Städteforschung, Bd. 76), 2008

Abstract

The article analyzes the trends of shrinking and growing population in the German cities since 1990. After presenting diverse data on the level of the cities and the city regions, the small scale population change within cities is exemplified by the case of the city of Halle in Saxony-Anhalt. Several models and theories are checked if they can explain the phenomenon of shrinking cities. The article closes with a preliminary resume.

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From University Town to Knowledge City: Strategies and Regulatory Hurdles in Germany

Peter Franz

in: Knowledge-Based Urban Development: Planning and Applications in the Information Era, 2008

Abstract

The trend of cities, serving as a location for universities and research institutes, to take into consideration new strategies utilizing this location factor for growth-oriented urban development can also be observed in Germany. An overview of the quantitative preconditions shows that many German cities dispose of favorite preconditions for such a knowledge city strategy. An analysis of the policy arena comes to the result that the political actors are confronted with the task of a complex multi-level-policy where networking skills become essential. A comparison with the policy conditions in the U.S. makes it quite clear that especially the German universities have the status of semi-autonomous actors complicating negotiating and coordinating activities between city and science representatives. First examples of deregulation show that these hurdles can be overcome in the future.

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Transport Costs and the Size of Cities: The Case of Russia

Albrecht Kauffmann

in: Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät, Universität Potsdam, Nr. 93, No. 93, 2007

Abstract

Real costs of freight transportation have strong increased in Russia particularly during the period of price liberalization 1992–93. This paper investigates possible connections between rising transport costs and the evolution of the size structure of the system of cities in the Russian Federation and its federal subjects. Empirical findings suggest that under conditions of a closed system agglomeration processes according to the predictions of the model of Tabuchi et al. (2005) would have taken place especially in the periphere regions of the North and Far East.

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Developing Collaborative Advantage: Preconditions and Restrictions for ‘Knowledge City’ Strategies in East Germany

Peter Franz

in: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions. Papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium 2007, 2007

Abstract

The trend of cities, serving as a location for universities and research institutes, to take into consideration new strategies utilizing this location factor for growth-oriented urban development can also be observed in Germany. An overview of the quantitative preconditions shows that many German cities dispose of favorite preconditions for such a knowledge city strategy. An analysis of the policy arena comes to the result that the political actors are confronted with the task of a complex multi-level-policy where networking skills become essential. A comparison with the policy conditions in the U.S. makes it quite clear that especially the German universities have the status of semi-autonomous actors complicating negotiating and coordinating activities between city and science representatives. First examples of deregulation show that these hurdles can be overcome in the future.

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Führt die Umsetzung des Programms „Stadtumbau Ost“ zur Herausbildung urbaner Regime in ostdeutschen Städten?

Peter Franz

in: One-off Publications, No. 5, 2007

Abstract

Many East German cities are suffering from housing vacancies and depopulation. The federal state has launched a subsidy program “Stadtumbau Ost” (City Reconstruction East) to fight the problems caused by these conditions. Cities getting funds from this subsidy program have installed committees and expert circles for making decisions where in the city to remove housing units. The institutionalisation of these decisional structures besides the established local political system is the starting point of the author to examine if these structures already are qualifying as “urban regimes” an approach primarily developed by US-American political scientists.

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Demolition and revitalisation. Does urban renewal in saxony oust the historic buildings?

Dominik Weiß

in: Vhw Forum Wohneigentum, No. 6, 2007

Abstract

The article presents empirical results about state-subsidised demolition and urban regeneration activities in the context of the support programme "Stadtumbau Ost". It considers particularly the different treatment of urban districts with historic buildings and the areas with blocks of housing.

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