Joint Economic Forecast

The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating the overall economic situation and development in Germany, the euro area and the rest of the world. For this purpose, forecasts of economic activity are generated for the global economy and its major regions. Economic policy recommendations are derived from these forecasts for the euro area and the German economy. The objective of the joint diagnosis, which is commissioned by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, is to produce a uniform evaluation by all participating institutes. The results are published twice a year as spring and fall forecasts.

For the period from autumn 2018 until spring 2022, the following institutes participate in the Joint Economic Forecast: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); ifo - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, joint with KOF Zürich; Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Essen, joint with Vienna Institute for Advanced Studies.

Reports

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Upturn Loses Momentum – World Economic Climate Grows Harsher: Joint Economic Forecast Autumn 2018

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Externe Monographien, No. 2, 2018

Abstract

The economic upturn in Germany is entering its sixth year, but is losing momentum. This is due to both demand and supply side factors. On the one hand, Germany’s key sales markets have weakened in line with the slowdown in world trade. On the other hand, a growing number of companies are apparently facing production-side bottlenecks, especially in terms of labour and sourcing intermediate goods. This overlaps with problems in the automotive industry related to the introduction of the new World Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), which has clearly impacted gross domestic product (GDP) growth due to the branch’s economic weight. Adjustment problems, however, should be overcome in the course of the winter half year. Stimuli from fiscal policy measures will also take effect as of the beginning of 2019. After 1.7% growth this year, economic output will increase at rates of 1.9% in 2019 and 1.8% in 2020. Employment will continue to expand clearly, although at a slower pace. The number of registered unemployed persons will approach the 2 million-mark by the end of the forecasting horizon. Inflation will pick up from an average rate of 1.8% this year to 2.0% in 2019 and 1.9% in 2020. Despite its expansionary fiscal stance, the German government will continue to post a budget surplus, although this can be expected to fall from 54 billion euros to around 40 billion euros.

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Germany’s Economic Experts Raise Forecast Slightly: Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2018

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Externe Monographien, 2018

Abstract

The German economy continues to boom, but the air is getting thinner. Unused economic capacities are gradually shrinking, leading to a slight loss of economic impetus. The pace of economic expansion nevertheless remains brisk: the upturn in the world economy will continue to stimulate exports; and the domestic economy is also expected to remain buoyant thanks to the exceptionally favourable situation in the labour market. The fiscal measures outlined by Germany’s new government in its coalition agreement can be expected to stimulate demand. Annual average economic output can be expected to rise by 2.2 percent this year and by 2.0 percent in 2019. This represents a 0.2 percentage point increase in the institutes’ assessment of growth in gross domestic product versus their autumn 2017 forecast. Employment will continue to see clear growth, but will be weakened by labour market shortages. At the same time, gross wages can be expected to increase markedly. The inflation rate will also rise gradually from 1.7 percent this year to 1.9 percent in 2019.

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Upturn Remains Robust — Amid Mounting Tensions: Joint Economic Forecast Autumn 2017

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Externe Monographien, 2017

Abstract

The German economic upturn has gained both in terms of strength and breadth. In addition to consumer spending, external trade and investments are now also contributing to economic expansion. These are the conclusions drawn by the economic research institutes in their autumn report for the German federal government. Whereas the very high economic momentum in the first half of the current year will slow slightly, expansion of economic output this year and next will exceed production capacity growth. As a result, overall capacity utilization will increase, with economic output exceeding potential output. Gross Domestic Product is likely to grow by 1.9 percent this year and by 2 percent in 2018 (calendar-adjusted: 2.2 and 2.1 percent, respectively).

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Upturn in Germany Strengthens in Spite of Global Economic Risks: Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2017

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Externe Monographien, 2017

Abstract

The German economy is already in the fifth year of a moderate upturn. Capacity utilization is gradually increasing, and aggregate production capacities are now likely to have slightly exceeded their normal utilisation levels. However, cyclical dynamics remain low compared to earlier periods of recoveries, as consumption expenditures, which do not exhibit strong fluctuations, have been the main driving force so far. In addition, net migration increases potential output, counteracting a stronger ca-pacity tightening. Gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to expand by 1.5 % (1.8 % adjusted for calendar effects) and 1.8 % in the next year. Unemployment is expected to fall to 6.1 % in 2016, to 5.7 % in 2017 and 5.4 % in 2018.

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Deutsche Wirtschaft gut ausgelastet – Wirtschaftspolitik neu ausrichten: Gemeinschaftsdiagnose im Herbst 2016

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Gemeinschaftsdiagnose Herbst 2016. Berlin, 2016

Abstract

Die deutsche Wirtschaft befindet sich in einem moderaten Aufschwung. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt dürfte in diesem Jahr um 1,9 Prozent und im kommenden Jahr um 1,4 Prozent zulegen. Im Jahr 2018 dürfte die Expansionsrate bei 1,6 Prozent liegen. Die gesamtwirtschaftlichen Kapazitäten sind damit im Prognosezeitraum etwas stärker ausgelastet als im langjährigen Mittel. Dennoch sind es derzeit weniger die Unternehmensinvestitionen, die den Aufschwung tragen: Von der Weltkonjunktur gehen nur geringe stimulierende Effekte aus, so dass die Exporte nur moderat steigen; zudem dürften sich in den außerordentlich niedrigen Kapitalmarktzinsen nicht nur die derzeitige Geldpolitik, sondern auch niedrige Wachstumserwartungen widerspiegeln. All dies hemmt die Ausrüstungsinvestitionen. So ist es weiterhin in erster Linie der Konsum, der den Aufschwung trägt. Der private Verbrauch profitiert dabei insbesondere vom anhaltenden Beschäftigungsaufbau, beim öffentlichen Konsum machen sich weiterhin die hohen Aufwendungen zur Unterbringung und Integration von Flüchtlingen bemerkbar. Der Wohnungsbau wird durch die niedrigen Zinsen angeregt.

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Aufschwung bleibt moderat – Wirtschaftspolitik wenig wachstumsorientiert: Gemeinschaftsdiagnose Frühjahr 2016

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Externe Monographien, 2016

Abstract

Die deutsche Wirtschaft befindet sich in einem moderaten Aufschwung. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt dürfte in diesem Jahr um 1,6 Prozent und im kommenden Jahr um 1,5 Prozent zulegen. Getragen wird der Aufschwung vom privaten Konsum, der vom anhaltenden Beschäftigungsaufbau, den spürbaren Steigerungen der Lohn- und Transfereinkommen und den Kaufkraftgewinnen infolge der gesunkenen Energiepreise profitiert. Zudem ist die Finanzpolitik, auch wegen der zunehmenden Aufwendungen zur Bewältigung der Flüchtlingsmigration, expansiv ausgerichtet. Während die Bauinvestitionen ebenfalls merklich ausgeweitet werden, bleibt die Investitionstätigkeit der Unternehmen verhalten. Aufgrund der nur allmählichen weltwirtschaftlichen Erholung und der starken Binnennachfrage ist vom Außenhandel kein positiver konjunktureller Impuls zu erwarten. Die öffentlichen Haushalte dürften im Prognosezeitraum deutliche Überschüsse erzielen. Würden diese Handlungsspielräume wie bereits in den vergangenen Jahren wenig wachstumsorientiert genutzt, wäre das nicht nachhaltig.

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Deutsche Konjunktur stabil – Wachstumspotenziale heben

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

2015

Abstract

Die deutsche Wirtschaft befindet sich in einem verhaltenen Aufschwung; das Bruttoinlandsprodukt wird in diesem und im kommenden Jahr um jeweils 1,8 Prozent steigen. Getragen wird die Expansion vom privaten Konsum. Die Investitionen beleben sich allmählich. Angesichts der mäßigen Expansion der Weltwirtschaft dürften die Exporte hingegen nur leicht steigen, zumal die belebende Wirkung der Euro-Abwertung allmählich nachlässt. Die Beschäftigung wird wieder rascher ausgeweitet. Dennoch dürfte die Arbeitslosigkeit im Verlauf des kommenden Jahres leicht steigen, weil die derzeit große Zahl von Asylsuchenden nach und nach am Arbeitsmarkt ankommt. Für die öffentlichen Haushalte in Deutschland zeichnet sich für das kommende Jahr ein Überschuss von 13 Milliarden Euro ab. Dieser dürfte damit deutlich geringer sein als der für 2015 erwartete Überschuss in Höhe von rund 23 Milliarden Euro – nicht zuletzt aufgrund zusätzlicher Ausgaben für die Bewältigung der Flüchtlingsmigration.

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A Strong Upswing Thanks to Cheap Oil and a Weak Euro: Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2015

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

2015

Abstract

The German economy is experiencing a strong upturn driven by unexpected expansive impulses, especially the falling oil price and the sharp depreciation of the euro. Gross domestic product is expected to increase by 2.1 percent this year. The 68 percent projection interval ranges from 1.1 percent to 2.8 percent. Consumption is the driving force behind the upturn. The rest of the euro area is also expected to produce slightly positive impulses, meaning that international trade will contribute to growth. The pace of growth is only expected to slow slightly in the year ahead. The euro’s depreciation will continue to stimulate the economy, while the positive effects of the lower oil price are expected to fade. Public budgets will show significant surpluses of over twenty billion euros in 2015 and 2016 respectively. In view of large structural surpluses, the time is ripe to make the income tax rate more performance‐oriented – especially for small and medium‐sized companies.

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German Economy Stagnating – Now is the Time to Strengthen Growth: Joint Economic Forecast Autumn 2014

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

2014

Abstract

The German economy will grow by 1.3 percent this year and by 1.2 percent in 2015, predict the economic research institutes involved in the Joint Economic Forecast in their autumn report. According to the report, Germany’s economy has cooled down markedly. With economic output falling in the second quarter and stagnating in the third quarter of 2014, the engine for economic growth is proving hard to rev up again. Both domestic and foreign demand is weak: the consumer climate deteriorated recently and companies remain cautious about investment. The moderate pace of growth in the world economy and the low level of economic impetus in the euro area over the forecasting period are also having a negative impact. In this environment the economic research institutes are in favour of strengthening growth and creating more favourable investment conditions. They see financial scope for a more investment-friendly tax system and higher spending on areas that promote growth like physical and human capital.

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Upturn in German Economy, but Economic Policy Creates Headwind: Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2014

Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose

in: Dienstleistungsauftrag des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Technologie, 2014

Abstract

The German economy is experiencing an upturn in spring 2014. Gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to grow by 1.9 percent this year. The 68 percent projection interval ranges from 1.2 percent to 2.6 percent. Domestic demand is the main driver of growth. Consumer prices will increase by a moderate 1.3 percent in 2014. The number of persons in employment looks set to rise steeply once again in 2014. Economic activity, however, will have to weather an economic policy headwind. The entitlement to a full pension as of 63 years is a step in the wrong direction and the introduction of the minimum wage will curb the rise in employment in 2015.

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