17.03.2022 • 6/2022
Price shock jeopardises recovery of German economy
Russia’s war in Ukraine is hitting the German economy primarily via an energy price shock, but also by disrupting trade flows and causing general uncertainty. At the same time, however, the economy is receiving a strong boost from the lifting of many pandemic restrictions. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that gross domestic product will increase by 3.1% in 2022. The consumer price index will be 4.8% higher than one year ago. The war affects the East German eco-nomy about as hard as the economy in Germany as a whole.
Read press release
Konjunktur aktuell: Preisschock gefährdet Erholung der deutschen Wirtschaft
Der Angriff Russlands auf die Ukraine hat die wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen in Europa drastisch verschlechtert. Rohstoff- und Energiepreise sind stark gestiegen, und die Sanktionen bringen den gesamten Russlandhandel nahezu zum Erliegen. Auch die deutsche Wirtschaft trifft es vor allem über einen Energiepreisschock, aber auch über unterbrochene Handelsströme und eine allgemeine Verunsicherung. Gleichwohl erhält die Konjunktur von der Aufhebung vieler Pandemie-Restriktionen einen kräftigen Schub. Das deutsche BIP wird 2022 um 3,1% zunehmen. Die ostdeutsche Wirtschaft wird vom Krieg kaum schwerer getroffen als die gesamtdeutsche Wirtschaft.
Banking Reform, Risk-Taking, and Accounting Quality: Evidence from Post-Soviet Transition States
Journal of International Accounting Research,
The drastic banking reform within Central and Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union provides an ideal quasi-experimental design to examine the causal effects of institutional development on accounting quality (AQ). We find that banking reform spurs significant improvement in predictive power of earnings and reductions in earnings smoothing, earnings-inflating discretionary provisions, and avoidance of reporting losses. These effects hold under alternative model specifications and after considering concurrent institutional developments. In contrast, corporate reform shows no such effects, refuting the alternative explanation that unobserved factors affect both reform speed in general and the quality of financial reporting. We further identify four specific reformative actions that are integral to the drastic banking reform process where prudential regulation contributes the most to the observed AQ improvement. It supports the conjecture that banking reform improves AQ by reducing banks' risk-taking behaviors and, as a result, their motive behind accounting manipulation.
IWH Economic Outlook 2023 No Deep Recession Despite Energy Crisis and Rise in Interest...
IWH Medium-Term Projection According to the IWH medium-term projection of the German economy, growth in the next six...
Overview, Contact and Opening Hours
Library The IWH scientific library is specialized in economics, corresponding to...
Centre for Evidence-based Policy Advice
Centre for Evidence-based Policy Advice (IWH-CEP) ...
IWH Alumni The IWH would like to stay in contact with its former employees. We...
14.12.2021 • 29/2021
German economy not yet immune to COVID 19 ‒ outlook clouded again
The current pandemic wave and supply bottlenecks cause the German economy to stagnate in winter. When infection rates go down in spring, private consumption will increase significantly. In addition, supply restrictions will be gradually reduced. As a result, the economy will regain momentum. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that German gross domestic product will increase by 3.5% (East Germany: 2.7%) in 2022, after 2.7% (East Germany: 2.1%) in the current year. Inflation is expected to decline only slowly.
Read press release