United country – three decades after the Wall came down
The Berlin Wall, once the symbol of the divided Germany, has now been gone for longer than it ever existed. But the differences within the country are still visible. However, recent research suggests that different economic development does not always follow the former inner-German border. Apart from the west-east divide, differences also emerge between the south and the north or between the cities and the country.
Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung Sachsen-Anhalts seit 1990
R. Stöcker, M. Reichel (Hrsg.), Sachsen-Anhalt – eine politische Landeskunde. Halle (Saale): Mitteldeutscher Verlag,
Sachsen-Anhalt ist als mittelalterliches Zentrum der Ottonen und als Ursprungsland der Reformation ein »Kernland deutscher Geschichte« und besitzt deutschlandweit die meisten Weltkulturerbestätten. Doch nicht nur historisch und kulturell hat das Land viel zu bieten, auch gesellschaftlich und politisch ist es einen genaueren Blick wert. Die Landeskunde soll diese Facetten des Bundeslandes beleuchten. In 16 aufschlussreichen Beiträgen erfährt der Leser, was Sachsen-Anhalt ausmacht, bewegt und prägt. Ein Anhang listet die Regierungen des Bundeslandes von 1990 bis 2017 auf.
Micro-mechanisms Behind Declining Labour Shares: Market Power, Production Processes, and Global Competition
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers,
This article investigates how changing production processes and increasing market power at the firm level relate to a fall in Germany’s manufacturing sector labour share. Coinciding with the fall of the labour share, I document a rise in firms’ product and labour market power. Notably, labour market power is a more relevant source of firms’ market power than product market power. Increasing product and labour market power, however, only account for 30% of the fall in the labour share. The remaining 70% are explained by a transition of firms towards less labour-intensive production activities. I study the role of final product trade in causing those secular movements. I find that rising foreign export demand contributes to a decline in the labour share by increasing labour market power within firms and by inducing a reallocation of economic activity from nonexporting- high-labour-share to exporting-low-labour-share firms
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The Economic Development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990
IWH Discussion Papers,
This article describes the economic development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990 in the context of the East German transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. In the early 1990s the economy of Saxony-Anhalt caught up quickly with West Germany, mainly because the capital stock was modernized and expanded. Convergence, however, has almost come to a halt for some time now and gross domestic product per employed person is still about 20% below the West German level. The challenge for economic policy is to further the catching-up process by fostering research and innovation and improving the skills of the workforce.
East Germany Rearguard Only investments in education will lead to a further catch-up ...
IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers
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