European Real Estate Markets During the Pandemic: Is COVID-19 also a Case for House Price Concerns?
IWH Policy Notes,
We use a new database on European real estate purchase and rental prices – the IWH European Real Estate Index – to document the relationship between staggered COVID-19 dynamics and real estate prices in 14 EU countries between January 2020 and December 2021. For most countries, we find no statistically significant response of monthly purchase and rental prices due to an increase of regional COVID-19 cases. For the UK we find that more COVID-19 cases depressed both purchase and rental prices significantly, but the economic magnitude of effects was mild during this sample period. In contrast, rents in Italy increased in response to hiking COVID-19 cases, illustrating the importance to consider heterogeneous crisis patterns across the EU when designing policies. Overall, COVID-19 dynamics did not affect real estate values significantly during the pandemic, thereby mitigating potential financial stability concerns via a mortgage lending channel at the time.
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21.06.2022 • 14/2022
War drives up energy prices ‒ High inflation weighs on economy
While the lifting of nationwide coronavirus regulations boosts many service sectors such as the hospitality industry, supply bottlenecks are likely to weigh on the manufacturing sector throughout the summer and high inflation will dampen private consumption. Gross domestic product (GDP) in Germany is expected to decline slightly in the second quarter of 2022. The situation in the manufacturing sector is expected to ease towards the end of the year. The Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) forecasts that GDP will increase by 1.5% in 2022, following an increase by 2.9% in 2021. In East Germany, GDP will increase by 1%.
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The German economy is steering through difficult waters. Tail winds from fading pandemic restrictions, supply-side bottlenecks in the aftermath of the coronavirus crisis, and shock waves caused by the war in Ukraine are dragging the economy in opposing directions. The common factor is the price-driving effect. Abruptly stopping gas deliveries from Russia to the European Union would drive the German economy into a deep recession. In this case, the accumulated loss of overall economic output would amount to 220 billion euro by the end of 2023.
12.01.2022 • 1/2022
IWH-Insolvenztrend: Keine Insolvenzwelle trotz Omikron
Nach historischen Tiefstständen ist die Anzahl der Insolvenzen von Personen- und Kapitalgesellschaften in den vergangenen Monaten leicht gestiegen. Dieser Trend hat sich im Dezember fortgesetzt, und auch die Zahl der betroffenen Jobs ist gestiegen. Für die nächsten beiden Monate ist trotz erwarteter Omikronwelle nicht mit einer Insolvenzwelle zu rechnen.
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The Crisis is Gradually Being Overcome
The leading economic research institutes have lowered their GDP growth forecast for 2021 from 3.7 % to 2.4 %. Weakening industrial production, which is suffering from supply bottlenecks, is particularly responsible for this. The global economy is recovering from the disruptions of the coronavirus pandemic, but only slowly, as vaccination progress varies across regions. Consumer prices increased sharply in 2021.
Gemeinschaftsdiagnose: Pandemic Delays Upswing — Demography Slows Growth
In Germany, the first year of the coronavirus pandemic was characterised by extreme fluctuations in economic activity and a massively paralysed domestic economy. In their spring report, the leading economic research institutes assume that the current shutdown will continue and gradually be lifted from mid-May until the end of the third quarter. In the wake of the easing, private consumption in particular will recover strongly. Overall, GDP is expected to grow by 3.7 % this year and 3.9 % next year.
15.04.2021 • 11/2021
Pandemic delays upswing – Demography slows growth
In their spring report, the leading economic research institutes forecast an increase in gross domestic product of 3.7% in the current year and 3.9% in 2022. The renewed shutdown is delaying the economic recovery, but as soon as the risks of infection, particularly from vaccination, have been averted, a strong recovery will begin. The economy is likely to return to normal output levels around the start of the coming year.
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