06.08.2020 • 15/2020
IWH Bankruptcy Update: Number of Employees Affected by Bankruptcy Continues to Rise in Germany
In July, more than three times as many jobs were impacted by corporate bankruptcies in Germany in comparison to the monthly averages from early 2020. The July figure was also significantly higher in relation to the previous month. By contrast, the number of bankruptcies fell slightly. These are the main findings of the most recent IWH Bankruptcy Update published by the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), which provides monthly reports on German bankruptcies.
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German Unification: Macroeconomic Consequences for the Country
F. Heinemann, U. Klüh, S. Watzka (eds): Monetary Policy, Financial Crises, and the Macroeconomy. Springer,
This paper shows basic macroeconomic consequences of the German unification for the country in time series spanning from 20 years before the event until 25 years thereafter. Essential findings can well be explained by elementary economic theory. Moreover, it is shown that the German economy had been off steady state already before unification in important aspects. In particular, a steep increase in the current account balance during the 1980s suggests that globalization strongly affected the German economy at that time. While unification stopped the trend to an ever more open economy and to a rising trade surplus for about 10 years, the fall of the iron curtain eventually even increased this trend in the long run.